The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 132
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
icy" pursued by the preceding administration, and declared that
"when the Indian dreads our power, then and then only will he
be our firm friend and ally."5 Thus urged on by the President's
message, by the reports of the Indian commissioner, and the Com-
mittee on Indian Affairs, the Third Congress passed four bills pro-
viding for offensive and defensive measures against the Indians.
Lamar signed the first act on December 21, 1838. It provided for
an extensive system of protection along the northern and western
frontiers. A regiment of eight hundred and forty men, rank and
file, was to be enlisted to serve for the term of three years unless
sooner discharged. The regiment should be divided into eight
detachments to be stationed respectively at or near the Red River,
the Three Forks of the Trinity, the Brazos, Colorado, San Marcos,
the head waters of the Cibolo, the Frio, and at or near the Nueces
River. A military road should be laid off from the mouth of the
Kiamisha Red River to the Nueces River, at the intersection of
the road from Bexar to the Presidio del Rio Grande. The pro-
tection of the frontier was to be further insured by the erection
of forts along this road. As soon as the President might con-
sider it expedient trading houses should be established near the
posts, "in order to maintain amicable relations with the Indians."
Such part of the regiment as the President should determine might
be cavalry, the colonel in command was, if practicable, to dis-
tribute the force so that the space, between each station should be
traversed twice a day.0 This bill looked forward to the establish-
ment of a much more extensive system of frontier protection than
had yet been attempted. But even this was not considered sufficient,
and an act for the further protection of the frontier was passed.
Lamar gave it his signature on December 29, 1838. It authorized
the President to accept the services of eight companies of mounted
volunteers for the term of six months, and to use the troops
offensively or defensively as he might think best for the interests
of the country.' The third bill became law on January 23, 1839,
and gave the President the power to accept the services of three
companies of mounted volunteers for "immediate active service
'Journal of the House of Representatives, 3 Congress, Regular Session,
"Gammel, Lau~s of Texas, II, 15-20.
'Ibid., II, 29-30.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/138/?rotate=90: accessed February 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.