The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 9
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas 9
the soldier's spirit of aggression or the frontiersman's desire for
land. In his message to Congress, May 5, 1837, Iouston brings
out the fact that although the government should pursue a con-
ciliatory policy towards the Indians, it should also take measures
to prevent unprovoked depredations.
It is within the province of this government to enquire into
the causes which have produced these calamities, [depredations
by the Caddoes] and no vigilance on my part shall be wanting
to prevent their recurrence. I feel fully aware that the policy
of this government is to pursue a just and liberal course towards
our Indian neighbors; and to prevent all encroachments upon
The president in his second annual message, November 21,
1837, went more fully into his ideas concerning the relations be-
tween the government and the Indians.
It is of much interest to our country that our relations with
our Indian neighbors should be placed upon a basis of lasting
peace and friendship. Convinced of this truth, it has been the
policy of the administration to seek out every possible means to
accomplish this object, and give security to our frontier. At this
time I deem the indications more favorable than they have been
since Texas assumed her present attitude. Measures are in prog-
ress with the several tribes, which, with the aid of suitable ap-
propriations by Congress, may enable us to attain the objects of
peace and friendly intercourse. Apprized of these facts, it is de-
sirable that the citizens of Texas should so deport themselves, as
to become the aggressors in no case, but to evince a conciliatory
disposition, whenever it can be done, consistently, with justice
and humanity. Unofficially it has been communicated to the
Executive that several small tribes residing within our settlements
express a disposition, (if the government will assign them a
country on the frontier,) to remove from their present situations.
The undeviating opinion of the Executive has been, that from the
establishment of trading houses on the frontier, (under prudent
regulations) and the appointment of capable and honest agents,
the happiest results might be anticipated for the country. The
intercourse between the citizens and Indians should be regulated
by acts of Congress which experience will readily suggest. The
situation of Texas at this time would doubtless justify the estab-
lishment of martial law at such out-posts as are detached from
24Journal of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas, 1
Congress, 2 Session, 12.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/15/: accessed April 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.