The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 148
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
their crops, and for all property left behind through necessity or
choice. The removal should take place as soon as the necessary
arrangements could be made. The government promised to fur-
nish supplies and transportation for destitute families.66 There
is no record of the ratification of this treaty by the senate, but it
shows nevertheless the characteristics of Lamar's Indian policy,
even when dealing with Indians who were at peace with the gov-
V. COST AND RESULTS OF LAMAR'S POLIO
The Comptroller in 1854 estimated that the expenditures on
account of the Indians between 1839-1841, was $2,552,319.7 As
compared with the cost of Indian affairs during Houston's two
administrations this amount is enormous. During the last year of
Houston's first term, $190,000. was expended on the Indians, and
during the three years of his second term $94,092.8 Lamar's
policy of frontier protection and his vigorous prosecution of In-
dian wars were the principal sources of expenditure on account of
the Indians. The amount paid to agents and commissioners would
naturally be small in comparison to the cost of several campaigns.
Lamar's policy toward the Indians resulted in, (1) opening up
to the settlers the valuable Cherokee lands in East Texas, (2) in
extending the western frontier and rendering it safer for the emi-
grant, (3) in establishing in Texas the principle of removing the
native and friendly tribes to reservations, and (4) in forcing the
Indians to realize the growing power of the Republic. Lamar be-
lieved that only through an exhibition of strength could the In-
dians be brought to accept peace on the proper terms." It can-
not be overlooked that the path may have been well paved for
Houston's subsequent pacific policy, by the wars prosecuted dur-
ing Lamar's administration.
56Manuscript: Treaty with the Shawnee Indians held at Nacogdoches,
August 2, 1839.
"7E. T. Miller, Financial History of Texas, 25, Note 1.
8TIbid., 25, Note 1.
5"Journal of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas, 3
Congress, Regular Session, 173-176.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/154/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.