The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 169
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St. Denis's Declaration Concerning Texas in 1717 169
with an ecclesiastical cabildo," to which is suffragan the church
of the city of Montreal, where resides a Bishop with a cabildo.
[He said] that Montreal is a little smaller than Quebec, and that
in number of inhabitants, Quebec is a little smaller than Mexico.
[He said] that his nation is France; that his religion is the
Apostolic Roman Catholic. He is thirty-eight years of age, and
has been a soldier by profession; also he has held the position
of captain of fifty men in the Castle of San Juan on the Rio de la
Palizada,9 in the exercise of which he has served the Most Chris-
tion King in peace and in war against the Indians; [he said]
that it was he who forced peace upon those who reside on the
Rio de la Palizada. He is married to Manuela Sanchez, a Span-
ish subject of Rio Grande del Norte. His residence is at the pre-
sidio of San Juan,"o where he is a citizen. He does not know
the cause of his imprisonment.
Asked how many entradas he has made from Mobile to the
region west of the Mississippi; to the Natchitoches, Asinai, or
Tejas;11 and to the presidio of Rio Grande del Norte, he replied,
two: The first was four years ago, when he came to Mexico sum-
moned by the Most Excellent Sefior, the Duke of Linares, former
Viceroy of this New Spain, and the second, or the present trip
to this place was made two years ago at the end of next October.12
The object which he had was that the governor of Mobile had
received a letter from a father missionary, in which he sent to
8"Added to all these tribunals [the superior council and inferior courts]
was the bishop's court at Quebec to try causes held to be within the
province of the church."-Parkman, op. cit., p. 269.
'This was the Mississippi. St. Denis in another connection describes it
as "el Rio grande llamado el Misisipi alias la palizada."--"Declaracion
de D. Luis de San Denis, y D. Medar Naturales de Francia."-A. G. M.,
Historia 27, folio 121. Transcript in University of Texas collection. For
the explanation as to why it was called Rio de la Palizada see Dunn, W. E.,
Spanish and French Rivalry in the Gulf Region of the United States,
1678-1702 (Austin, 1917), 62.
0"San Juan Bautista, also called the presidio of Rio Grande del Norte,
and frequently referred to simply as "the presidio."
u"The tribes in question commonly have been called the Tejas, but more
properly the Hasinai. . . . The name Texas has been used to designate
those tribes of the upper Neches and the Angelina valleys."-Bolton, H. E.,
"The Native Tribes About the East Texas Missions," in Texas State His-
torical Association, THE QUARTERLY, XI (Austin, 1908), pp. 249-276.
l'This account is incorrect, and St. Denis himself contradicts it below.
He left Mobile on the second trip on October 1, 1716, which was one year
prior to the time of this declaration, rather than two. (See page 172.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/175/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.