The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 13
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas
ably involve the whole country in an Indian war.3" In conse-
quence of the desperate conditions of the exposed settlements a
bill for the better protection of the northern frontier was passed
by the Senate May 22, 1837, and by the House on the day fol-
lowing, and signed by the president June 12. It provided: that
a corps of six hundred mounted men be raised by volunteer en-
listment, for a term of six months, of which the officers were to
be appointed by the president "with the advice and consent of
the Senate"; that officers and privates were to furnish themselves
with a horse, a gun, two hundred rounds of ammunition, and all
other equipment except beef; that officers were to receive the same
pay as those of corresponding rank in the ranger service, and
privates twenty-five dollars a month; that both officers and men
were to receive a bounty of six hundred and forty acres of land;
that the corps was to be divided in three divisions to rendezvous
wherever the president might direct; and that the president was
to have the power to discharge the men, if expedient, before six
months had expired.35 Although the president did not approve
this bill until June 12, he sent in his list of nominations for
officers on May 31, and it was taken up the next day, and all
except one were approved.6 A report from the committee on
military affairs brought the frontier situation again before the
House on June 5. In order to relieve conditions, it suggested,
that the corps of mounted gunmen be immediately organized, and
that the regular ranger service be increased." In consequence of
this report a joint resolution was passed June 7, 1837, authoriz-
ing the president to leave the seat of government to organize the
corps of mounted gunmen,8" and on June 12, an act was passed
giving him the power to call out "such a portion of the militia
as he may think proper for the better protection of the frontier.""
The Adjourned Session of the Second Congress, which met in
Houston from April 6 to May 24, 1838, passed an act requiring
"Journal of the House of Representatives, 1 Congress, 2 Session, 50-51.
"Gammel, Laws of Texas, I, 1334-1335.
"Winkler (editor), Secret Journals of the Senate, 1 Congress, 2 Session,
"'Journ'al of the House of Representatives, 1 Congress, 2 Session, 103.
"8Gammel, Laws of Texas, I, 1304.
"Gammel, Laws of Texas, I, 1327.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/19/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.