The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 185
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas
posts be established at suitable points, extending from our western
border to Red River; that treaties be concluded with the several
tribes, and that one or more traders be established, under proper
regulations, at each of these posts, with from twenty-five to thirty
men for their protection. I do not doubt that this system, once
established, would conciliate the Indians, open lucrative commerce
with them, and bring continued peace to our entire frontier.
Their intercourse with us would enable them to obtain articles
of convenience and comfort which they could not otherwise pro-
cure, unless by a very indirect trade with more remote tribes who
have commerce with traders of the United States. Finding a
disposition on our part to treat them fairly and justly, and dread-
ing a loss of the advantages and facilities of trade, they would
be powerfully affected, both by feelings of confidence and motives
of interest, to preserve peace and maintain good faith. The hope
of obtaining peace by means of war has hitherto proved utterly
fallacious. It is better calculated to irritate than to humble them.
Neither can we pursue with the hope of exterminating them. Mil-
lions have been expended in the attempt, and what has been the
result? War and theft are their vocation; and their incursions
are made upon us with impunity. We cannot pursue them with
success. Our citizens, so continually harassed are dispirited. In-
dustry and enterprise are alike embarrassed; the former prevented,
and the latter discouraged. How far it is necessary for Congress
to provide for the attainment of these objects is referred to their
Houston's policy of peace and friendship with the Indians was
not only consistently carried out by him, but also by Anson Jones,
his successor, who was inaugurated December 9, 1844, and served
as President of the Republic until Texas was annexed to the United
States in February, 1846. After Texas became a state, her Indian
policy was no longer a matter for local determination, but was
definitely merged in the Indian policy of the Federal Government.
II. PEACE NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE INDIANS
Houston considered the establishment of friendly relations with
the Indians one of the most important duties before him as Presi-
dent of the Republic. Most of the tribes had retired east of the
Red River, from where they sent war parties to ravage and plun-
2Wm. Carey Crane, The Life and Select Literary Remains of Sam Hous-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/191/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.