The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 14
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14 Southwestern, Historical Quarterly
the president "to order out a sufficient number of mounted gun-
men, from each brigade, to commence active operations against
the hostile Indians on the frontier."40 Houston returned the bill
unsigned on May 23, with the remark that it was "in every fea-
ture objectionable." The experience of the past winter and spring,
he said, had made him realize that to send a band of men to the
frontier to, operate against hostile Indians in general was entirely
the wrong method of handling the Indian situation. The House
passed the bill over the president's veto, but it failed in the Sen-
ate.41 This session passed an act providing that the president be
"authorized and required to raise a corps of regular cavalry, not
exceeding two hundred and eighty rank and file," for the pro-
tection of the southwestern frontier. Houston signed the bill on
May 15, 1838.42 He believed in the regular, organized protection
of the frontier, but did not consider expeditions against hostile
Indians in general, expedient.
During the summer and fall of 1838 several Indian disturbances
occurred. Colonel Henry W. Karnes with a company of twenty-
one men, was attacked by about two hundred Comanches near the
Arroyo Seco. The Indians were defeated and driven off. This
happened on August 10, and about the same time the strange
rebellion at Nacogdoches took place. It was reported to General
Rusk that about a hundred Mexicans were gathered on the An-
gelina River, under the command of Nathaniel Norris, Cordova,
and Cruz. Rusk raised a company of sixty men and stationed
them on the lower crossing of the Angelina. August 10, it was
reported that the Mexicans had been joined by about three hun-
dred Indians, and that the whole force amounted to about six
hundred. On the same day Houston received a letter from the
leaders declaring that they no longer owed allegiance to Texas.
Major Augustin was dispatched with one hundred and fifty men
to follow the insurgents to the Cherokee village, where it was said
-they were going. General Rusk was ordered to march in a direct
route to the same place, but when he reached the Saline, he dis-
"Journal of the House of Representatives, 2 Congress, Adjourned Ses-
"Ibid., 171-173; Journal of the Senate of the Republic of Texas, May 23,
1838, 2 Congress, Adjourned Session, 102.
42Gammel, Laws of Texas, I, 1480-1481.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/20/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.