The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 16
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
these Indians were about to cross into Texas to commit depreda-
tions. Rusk forced the Caddo to surrender, and turned their
arms over to their agent in Shreveport. He promised the In-
dians that the government of Texas would support them.48 In
his letter to the Secretary of War on December 1, 1838, Rusk,
after describing the above incident, said:
I shall proceed with Col. McLeod to Red River in the morning
where I hope to be able to raise a sufficient force to proceed at
once to the Three Forks of the Trinity. In the meantime it is
important to urge upon Congress the necessity of .making per-
manent arrangements for the defense of the frontiers. It will
not do to depend upon the Militia for that purpose unless the laws
regulating them are made much more rigid than at present.4"
III. TREATY NEGOTIATIONS
Houston believed firmly in the expediency and justice of nego-
tiating treaties with the Indians, and did all in his power to
make the establishment of friendly relations with the tribes, the
vital policy of his administration. In order to appoint commis-
sioners, and make treaties, however, he was obliged to have "the
advice and consent of two-thirds of the senate," so that he was
not able to execute all his plans.0 On November 9, 1836, the
president sent a message to the senate nominating certain com-
missioners to treat with the Indians. He said that information
had been received that large bodies of Indians had assembled on
the Trinity and were desirous of forming treaties of peace with
the government. "I cannot too forcibly recommend the adoption
of any means which will attach them to us, nor too seriously im-
press upon you the policy of drawing them to us by chords of
friendship by means of treaties and of Commerce.'"51 One of the
president's nominees was rejected by the senate, so on November
10, he sent two other names for their approval. Again the senate
"Ibid.; Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 260.
"Manuscript: Thomas J. Rusk, to the Secretary of War, December 1,
1838. Indian Affairs, Texas State Library. Rusk's further movements
in this expedition cannot be traced with the sources at hand.
OGammel, Laws of Texas, I, 1076, Constitution of the Republic, Article
VI, Section 5.
"Winkler (editor), Secret Journals of the Senate, 1 Congress, 1 Ses-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/22/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.