The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 17
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas
refused to act favorably on one of the names, but finally, on
November 12, Houston appointed two men that were approved.
Nath Robins, Kelsey H. Douglas, and Henry Millard were the
men appointed as Indian commissioners, with Hayden S. Arnold
as secretary.52 Although other men served as Indian commis-
sioners during Houston's administration, there is no record that
their names ever came up in the senate for ratification.
December 20, 1836, Houston sent the Cherokee Treaty made
February 23, 1836, to the senate with a message recommending
You will find upon examining this treaty, that it is just and
equitable, and perhaps the best which could be made at the pres-
ent time. It only secures to the said Indians the usufructuary
right to the country included within the boundary described in
the treaty, and does not part with the right of soil, which is in
this Government; neither are the rights of any citizen of the Re-
public impaired by the views of the treaty, but are all carefully
secured by the third article of the same . . . and should you
ratify and confirm this treaty, it doubtless would tend to secure
their permanent friendship, a thing at this time much to be
The Senate Standing Committee on Indian Affairs reported
October 12, 1837. After listing and describing the Indian tribes
in the confines of the Republic, the committee took up the Chero-
kee Treaty. It declared: that the act of the Consultation guar-
anteeing certain lands to the Cherokees was based on a false prem-
ise, for the Mexican Government had never granted land titles
to these Indians; that the Consultation, in making the promises
to the Cherokees had overstepped its authority, consequently its
act was not binding on the present government; and that the
Cherokees, by repeated hostilities, had forfeited all possible rights.
The committee also reported at this time that a treaty had lately
been concluded by T. J. Rusk and K. H. Douglas with the Ana-
daco and Ionie tribes, and that another was in process of nego-
tiation by Jesse Watkins with the "Keechie Wakko Towiash and
Tywocani" tribes. After concluding its report, the committee
submitted the following resolutions: that the Senate refuse to
5"Winkler (editor), Secret Journals of the Senate, 1 Congress, 1 Ses-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/23/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.