The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 18
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18 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ratify the Treaty of February 22, 1836; that it ratify the treaty
made by Rusk and Douglas with the "Ionie and Anadaco" In-
dians on August 21, 1837; that the president be authorized and
advised to appoint commissioners to conclude a treaty with the
Comanches, but that no title to land be granted them; that should
the treaty in course of negotiation by Jesse Watkins be perfected,
the Senate should recommend the establishment of not less
than three blockhouses on the northern and western frontier; and
that the Senate consider the northern tribes of Indians residing
in Texas, under the authority of the United States and recom-
mend that that government control them.54 December 26, 1837,
the Senate took up this report and declared the treaty made by
Houston and Forbes, with the Cherokees "null and void."" In
spite of the fact that the treaty had been rejected, Houston wrote
Rusk, on October 10, 1838, instructing him to have the boundary
line surveyed. The letter shows that the president considered
this action vitally necessary. He said:
Sir-I have the honor to communicate to you, and order you
to have the line run, between the Cherokees and their associate
bands, agreeably to the treaty concluded February 23, 1836, be-
tween them and the Government of Texas. This should be done
immediately, it will do more to conciliate the Indians and give
protection to the eastern section of Texas, than ten thousand men
in the field would produce. If it is not immediately done, all
future calamities must be attributed to its omission. I am satis-
fied if it is not done that there will be another runaway scrape
and Eastern Texas will be desolated. Direct it to be done imme-
diately, and I charge you with its execution; Simms will act as
a commissioner on the part of the Republic of Texas, and to him
you will communicate the order for immediate execution. This
done and eastern Texas will have less to apprehend for its future
safety. If it is not done an Indian war may ensue which will
cost more blood and treasure than ought to purchase twenty such
Indian countries, emigration will be stopped and the misfortunes
resulting will not be retrieved in ten years.5e
Houston wrote also to Colonel Alexander Horton at the same
64Winkler (editor), Secret Journals of the Senate, 2 Congress, 1 Session,
74-78; Manuscript: Report of Standing Committee of Senate on Indian
Affairs, October 12, 1837. Indian Affairs, Texas State Library.
"Winkler (editor), Secret Journals of the Senate, 2 Congress, 2 Ses-
"Journal of the House of Represen'tatives, 3 Congress, 1 Session, 92-93.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/24/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.