The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 241
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of the people. These are not chapter headings; the number of
chapters and their titles will vary for the different counties.
A statement of the location should take note of the relation
of the local region to the settled portion of the State, and indi-
cate what factors tended to hasten or delay its occupation. The
description of the physical features of the region should include
rivers and creeks, mountains and plains, character of the soil,
etc. The description of the natural resources should give at-
tention to plant life (forests, grasses, fruits, berries), wild life
(game, predatory animals, wild fowl, fish, bees), mineral resources,
the abundance of each, the attractiveness of the landscape. These
are the things that attracted the first settlers and determined their
The account of the settlement should take note of the place
where the first settlers came from as well as the place where they
located, their adaptation to their new environment and occupation,
their number, the difficulties encountered and the advantages en-
joyed. Note should also be made of the introduction of schools,
churches, laying out of roads, markets, industries, newspapers,
local government, amusements, with the circumstances hastening
or retarding these institutions, and notices of persons displaying
leadership in any of the new country's activities.
The history of the development of a county will give attention
to the utilization of its natural resources, beginning with exploita-
tion and gradually shifting to cultivation. The industries in-
crease in number and variety. Markets and the means of
communication and transportation grow in extent and im-
portance. The increase of population and wealth results in the
creation of centers-towns and cities--each vying with the other
in the number and variety of the institutions of modern civiliza-
tion. To reduce all this to an orderly, clear and interesting nar-
rative should be the aim of every one who essays the task.
The usefulness of maps, plans and photographs should not be
E. W. WINKLER.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/247/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.