The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 23
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas
between the Tonkawas and citizens of Texas; that no trader should
be allowed to enter the tribe without a passport from the trading
agent; and that the Tonkawas should not trade with any per-
sons not legally authorized to carry on traffic among them."
Three of the four other treaties made with the Indians during
Houston's administration, of which there is no record of ratifi-
cation, contain similar provisions regulating trade. In the Lipan
Treaty, concluded January 8, 1838, the following article is found:
Art. 3d. The Republic of Texas with a view to manifest to the
Lepans her desire to cultivate and secure their friendship and
promote their interests and happiness, do agree to appoint a Trader
or Traders or establish a Trading House or Houses among them
at such points or time as their wandering habits may permit that
they may have such articles furnished them as their wants may
require and their means enable them to purchase.70
The treaty with the Comanches was drawn up and signed by
the chiefs and commissioners, on May 29, 1838. It provided for
an agent, to be appointed by the government, to protect the rights
of the Indians, and to superintend the trade with them.71
A treaty with the Kichai, Tawakoni, Waco, Towiash, and their
associated bands, contained a declaration that these Indians would
agree to pay full value for any injury inflicted on the goods or
property of such traders as the president might send to their set-
tlements or hunting grounds.72
As far as can be ascertained no other regulations were made
during Houston's first administration to regulate trade with the
0"Manuscript: "Treaty with the Tonkaways," November 22, 1837, Indian
Affairs, State Library; Secret Journals of the Senate, 2 Congress, 2 Ses-
7"Manuscript: Treaty with the Lipans, January 8, 1838. Indian Affairs,
Texas State Library.
7Manuscript: Treaty with the Comanches, May 29, 1838. Indian Af-
fairs, Texas State Library.
7"Manuscript: Treaty with the Kichai, Tawakoni, Waco, and Towiash
and their associate bands of Indians. Indian Affairs, Texas State Library.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/29/: accessed February 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.