The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 24
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
V. FOREIGN INFLUENCES PREVENTING PEACEFUL INDIAN
Two foreign influences complicated the Indian situation in
Texas, first the inroads of United States Indians, second the per-
nicious influence of Mexican agents.
On March 1, 1837, Houston wrote to the Secretary of State
instructing him to urge upon the United States the necessity of
restraining the Caddos.
The Secy. of State will write to the Government of the U.
States, and urge in the strongest terms the necessity of sending
a force, and at least two companies of mounted men, from the
U. States, to keep the Caddos in check beside an infantry force
The last treaty between them, and the U. States, threw them
upon us, with feelings of hostility against all Americans. They
regard us as part of the American family.
The treaty [with Mexico 1831] demands all we solicit! our
demand should be heard.73
In his message to Congress on May 5, 1837, Houston again
referred to the subject of the depredations committed on the in-
habitants of Texas by Indians from the United States. He rec-
ommended that an effort be made to define the boundary between
Texas and her northern neighbor, and said that the subject of
Caddo Indians inhabiting a portion of the northwestern part of
the Republic was directly connected with the boundary question.
He said that the tribe had recently ceded certain of their lands
to the United States, and that in consequence the Caddos had
shown a disposition to unite with the wild Indians of Texas. He
had received information that the United States agent had issued
rifles and ammunition to the warriors.
The condition and disposition of these Indians as well as their
thefts and murders upon our borders, have been subjects on which
our ministers at Washington city have been advised and instructed
to make immediate and urgent remonstrances to that government,
and I am well assured from the character of the gentlemen, that
they have not been wanting to their duty in this respect. The
principal aggressions on our frontier have either been instigated
s"Manuscript: Houston to Secretary of State, March 1, 1837. Indian
Affairs, Texas State Library.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/30/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.