The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 25
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas 25
or perpetrated by the Caddos. It would be painful to suppose,
under the circumstances, that the United States Agent, in fur-
nishing them the means of further injury to the exposed frontier
inhabitants of our country, had acted under the orders of his
government. It is due to his government to suppose that he has
proceeded unadvisedly, and that the stipulations of the treaty con-
cluded between the United States and Mexico in April 1830, will
be rigidly adhered to so far as they appertain to the United States
and Republic of Texas."
The Standing Committee of the Senate on Indian Affairs which
reported on October 12, 1837, incorporated in its resolutions one
to the effect that the United States government was responsible
for the northern Indians residing in Texas, and should be re-
monstrated with on that subject.75 In dealing with the Indian
situation on the northwestern frontier it was the settled policy
of the government of Texas to hold the United States to the
Treaty of 1831, in which the two countries had mutually prom-
ised to restrain the Indians from committing depredations along
the border. The question was, however, somewhat complicated
by the fact that the boundary was still unsettled. Lieutenant
Colonel J. I-I. Vose, commanding the United States troops at
Fort Towson, wrote R. Jones, the Adjutant General at Washing-
ton, on April 13, 1838. He stated that an affray had recently
taken place between the white people south of Red River and the
Choctaws. He said that the population in that part of Arkansas
near Fort Towson had increased very much during the last war,
and that most of the people had thrown off their allegiance to
Arkansas, and had declared themselves under the government of
Texas. "Frequent collisions are taking place between the white
people and the Choctaws, the Choctaws being thickly settled on
one side of the Red River and the white people on the other side,
with a number of stores where liquor is kept in large quantities."7
A letter from Brigadier General M. Arbuckle to Brigadier Gen-
eral Jones, written April 26, 1838, mentions the same disturb-
ance between the inhabitants south of Red River and the Choc-
74Journ'al of House of Representatives, 1 Congress, 2 Session, 11-12.
7'Winkler (editor), Secret Journals of the Senate, 2 Congress, 1 Session,
74-70: Manuscript, Report of Standing Committee of Senate on Indian
Affairs, October 12, 1837, Indian Affairs. State Library.
7"House Executive Documents, 25 Congress, 2 Session, Document 434, 3.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/31/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.