The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 26
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
taw Indians. He believes that this circumstance will "furnish
sufficient evidence that, to ensure peace and good order on the
Red River frontier, it is necescsary that the United States should
possess, at least, all the country as far south as the Sabine River
to its source, and as far west as where our frontier boundary-line
leaves Red River."77 Both the above letters urged the necessity
of increasing the military force on Red River in order to control
the Indian situation, and preserve peace.
Conditions on the border remained in an unsettled state all
during Houston's administration. The Texan ministers to the
United States, W. H. Wharton and Memucan Hunt, were more
absorbed in the question of annexation than in either establish-
ing the boundary, or urging the control of the Indians. However,
on April 25, 1838, a treaty was signed which provided that the
United States and Texas should each appoint a commissioner and
a surveyor, who were to meet within a year after the ratification
of the convention for the purpose of marking the line from the
mouth of the Sabine, where it entered the Gulf of Mexico, to the
Red River. The ratifications of this treaty were exchanged on
October 12, 1838.78 J. P. Henderson, in a letter to Anson Jones,
said that when he was secretary of state, early in 1837, he had
instructed the Texan Ministers at Washington, to insist that the
United States prevent her Indians from making inroads into
Texas. He added that the Ministers never reported in what
manner the government of the United States disposed of this
No satisfactory proof has ever been found which shows con-
clusively that Mexican emissaries were sent in 1836, by the gov-
ernment of Mexico to incite the Indians against the Texans.
Miguel de Cortinez testified before Gaines that his brother Eusebio
claimed to have a commission from the Mexican General Cos for
this purpose, and Lieutenant Bonnell reported to Gaines that
Manuel Flores and Jos6 Maria Medrano were both among the
7sMarshall, A History ,of the Western Boundary of the Louisiana Pur
chase, 1819-1811, 222-223.
"1Jon'es, Memoranda and Official Correspondence in Relation to the Re-
public of Texas, 144-145.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/32/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.