The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 36
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Wacos, and Delawares. In that year Colonel Cooper, later ad-
jutant of the army, and Colonel Hardee made visits to these
Indians and left descriptions of the trips and of the situation and
conditions of the Indians.
In 1854, for the first time, Texas agreed through its Legis-
lature to the settlement of her resident Indians on reservations,
and in that year passed a law providing for the survey by the
United States of twelve leagues of land, giving jurisdiction over
the same to the general government, with authority to establish
and maintain Indian agencies, military posts, etc. And thereupon
Captain Marcy, who was probably one of the government's most
dependable explorers and pathfinders, was sent to Texas to make
selection of the sites for the reservations thus provided for. This
was in the summer and fall of 1854. W. B. Parker was an at-
tache of this expedition, going along for the purpose of collect-
ing all manner of specimens to be found in the country traversed,
and he wrote upon his return a detailed account of the trip and
its experiences, giving much information about the country trav-
eled over, and its condition, topography, etc.
At least sixteen of the present counties of Texas, mainly in
Northwest Texas, were explored by Captain Marcy on this trip,
including Cooke, Montague, Clay, Archer, Baylor, Knox, King,
Dickens, Crosby, Haskell, Jones, Shackelford, Throckmorton,
Stephens, Young and Jack.
The expedition was fitted out at Fort Smith, and the military
escort was furnished from Fort Arbuckle. It crossed into Texas
at Preston, and traveled westward. It passed through Gaines-
ville, then on the extreme western skirts of the settlements in
that part of Texas. Gainesville then contained, according to
Parker, five or six log cabins, and had then just been rendered
somewhat famous in the annals of storms by a most terrific tor-
nado which had occurred a few months before. Parker gives
many interesting details of the storm in and about Gainesville.
He says that in an hour's time after leaving Gainesville, Captain
Marcy and his expedition passed the last house on his route; and
all west of him was then a trackless, uninhabited waste! And
not another white person was seen while traversing all of the
region covered by the counties named, until the party reached the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/42/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.