The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 38
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38 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
water could not be had wells, and in some instances, artesian wells
were drilled, especially in the region of the Pecos. The haunts
of the Indians had to be hunted out, and additional locations of
army posts had to be made occasionally. The growing travel to
the Pacific coast must be provided for and protected that the
newly acquired coast possessions with their gold fields might be
developed. And thus the stock of information about West and
Northwest Texas was continually added to.
Naturally, without railroads, the question of transportation
otherwise was a very live question to be met for its own purposes,
at least by the general government during that period of time
before the war between the states. In his report in December,
1853, Secretary of War Jefferson Davis showed that he had given
study to the question, and then gave cogent reasons for the use
of the camel for experimental purposes, "to test their value and
adaption to our country and our service." He cited their sat-
isfactory use by Napoleon in his Egyptian campaign, and in other
countries where somewhat the same conditions existed; and his
recommendations were adopted and the camels imported and
used for several years, until the war broke out in 1861. In 1857
Secretary Floyd commended their use in Arizona, and in 1860
General Lee expressed his satisfaction with their use in the rocky
and mountainous regions of the Pecos, he being in command in
In this year Secretary Floyd gave his hearty endorsement, as
preferable to any other, to this southern route for the construc-
tion of the much needed railroad to the Pacific coast, surveys for
which over various routes had been made.
The reconnaissance of the route through Northwest Texas after-
wards followed in general by the Texas & Pacific Railway had
been made, and interesting and detailed information of the re-
sults thereof from Fort Chadbourne to the west have been left
The Indian reservations mentioned had been short lived, and
the Indians had been removed to Indian Territory. United States
Army records give interesting facts about the causes leading to
that outcome which have been but meagerly used by writers on
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/44/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.