The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 40
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40 Southwestern. Historical Quarterly
Lee, E. Kirby Smith, John B. Hood, Earl Van Dorne, and W. J.
Hardee; while George H. Thomas, George Stoneman, W. M.
Graham, S. D. Sturgis, S. P. Heintzleman, and William B. Hazen
wore the blue, all of whom were on the frontiers of Texas at or
just before the clash of arms came, all helping to make possible
and desirable the settlement and development of West and North-
west Texas to the full limit of their allotted duties.
During the period of the war there is little to be said with
assurance with reference to border conditions.
When the soldiers came back to the Texas frontier, Phantom
Hill and Camp Cooper were not reoccupied. Forts Belknap and
Chadbourne were for a time reoccupied, but were abandoned, and
Forts Richardson, Griffin and Concho were built and occupied
in their places, during the brief time that General W. S. Hancock
was in command in Texas. Other posts were occupied. As late
as 1874 maps of Texas assigned large' sections of the plains coun-
try to the Comanche Indians as hunting grounds under the treaty
Until 1876 all of that vast region lying north of a line ex-
tended westward from the southeast corner of Nolan County, and
west of a line extended northward from the same place, comprised
successively parts of Bexar and Young land districts, and was
in that year carved by the Legislature into fifty-four counties.
There was also enough territory in Tom Green County at that
time to make twelve additional counties, which was done from
time to time afterwards.
When General E. O. C. Ord was in command of United States
troops in Texas, in his report for 1877-1878 he summed up the sit-
uation as it then existed as follows: "The people of Northern
and Western Texas were during the Civil War and for some years
afterwards, raided upon and their settlements forced back from
fifty to one hundred miles, and hundreds of people were killed
by the Comanches, Apaches, and other Indians from the Wichita
country, the staked plains and occasionally from Mexico; but dur-
ing the years 1874 and 1875 active campaigns against these bands
within our limits resulted in their capture or retreat to the moun-
tains of Mexico, bordering on the Rio Grande . . . and it
is from these mountains that they have kept up a regular system
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/46/: accessed February 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.