The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 41
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History of West and Northwest Texas Since 1845 41
of depredations upon stock raisers on the frontier counties of
Texas, so that about in proportion as the demand for land in-
creases for the use of the rapidly increasing flocks and herds, the
dangers attending the stock farmer in those counties have grown
and become known."
He says that "the murders and robberies committed by the In-
dians have so long furnished the staple news of Western Texas
papers that people of the country have almost come to look upon
this state of affairs as the normal condition of things as for a long
period of time it has been in Sonora, Chihuahua and parts of
Coahuila, and to regard it as part of the Texas ranchman's duty
to put up with the regular full moon raid and its accompanying
horrors." He then calls attention to the fact that according to
Father Saddelmayer this character of warfare had been going on
in parts of Mexico for nearly two hundred years.
General Ord further says in the same report: "The Texans
during the war and reconstruction have submitted to the murder-
ing of the frontier inhabitants and the plundering of the border
settlements because they did not see any other way of relief; but
now . .. they feel that something should be done to make
life and property secure on the border."
About 19,000 miles were traveled that year according to General
Ord, by the soldiers of the nation in scouts and expeditions after
Indians in the portion of Texas under discussion; while in the
following year 40,000 miles were covered in one hundred and
twenty different expeditions from thirteen regular and thirteen sub-
posts and scouting camps on the borders by two, full regiments of
cavalry, four regiments of infantry and two companies of artillery.
In the Pecos country where no railroad had then penetrated, the
Indians were still troublesome. The mail routes and the settle-
ments had to be protected by the soldiers; and the Indians had to
be forced out of that region and kept out by the soldiers. And
General Ord says that: "the intended result has been practically
accomplished. All Indians penetrating the country have been so
hotly pressed by the troops as to prevent their doing much damage."
From the plains region occasional raids by Indians continued
until about this time when General Mackenzie fought a last de-
cisive engagement with a large band of them near what is now
Claude in Armstrong County and demolished the Indian forces
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/47/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.