The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 85
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The History of a Texas Slave Plantation, 1831-63
and the one league on "Clear Creek one league from the mouth.'22
Under "Concessions and Augmentations," Perry was granted on
October 28, 1831, one league situated "Between San Bernado and
Bay Prairie and is N 250 The above league was first granted
to Benj. Lindsey." On November 3, 1831 he was granted two
leagues-"South of Yeagua and Joins N. Clay."23 Perry was
granted on December 6, 1832, one league, situated on "Yegua
Davidson's Creek and is known as N 6."24 Of this land granted
to Perry, there were 45 labors of farming land and 255 labors of
grazing land, making a total of 12 leagues.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION of AGRICULTURE IN TEXAS, 1831-36
When Perry came to Texas, the country was sparsely settled
from Bexar to the Sabine River. West of Bexar and extending
to the Rio Grande, the country was unsettled.25 He found the
agricultural methods crude and good implements scarce. The
people were, as a rule, living in log houses and cultivating the
river bottom land. The bottom lands had to be cleared of tim-
ber or of cane. Mrs. Holley said that this cane land was prized,
because it was rich alluvial soil. The cane-brakes could be cleared
by burning the dead reeds. If the cane land was not cultivated,
the cane was valuable as food for cattle and horses in winter,
being young and tender when the grass was dead.26 The prairie
lands were generally considered more suitable for grazing than
farming. As late as 1850, it was the belief that the timbered
portions of Texas were best adapted to agriculture. The vast
prairies were regarded as valueless except for grazing and stock
raising. Also it was an axiom that farming could not succeed
"2List of Titles to settle 300 Families within the Ten Border Leagues
on the Gulf of Mexico, Coast Contract No. 3, page 42 of Title Book.
"'Title Book, Contract No. 2, p. 34. Austin Papers, Miscellaneous.
'Title Book. Titles made under settling 500 families, 1827, 1828, 1831,
1832, 1833; p. 33. Austin Papers, Miscellaneous.
"Colonel J. N. Almonte's "Statistical Notice" in Kennedy's Tewas: The
Rise, Progress and Prospects of the Republic of Texas, II, 72.
2'Holley, Texas (1836), 87.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/91/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.