The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 86
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
west of the Brazos.27 Abundant pasturage was afforded on the
thin and sandy coast land for stock of all varieties.
In 1834 the country was divided into the three political de-
partments of Bexar, Brazos, and Nacogdoches. The Bexar De-
partment was largely peopled by Mexicans. Almonte says there
were no negro laborers here. All the provisions raised by the in-
habitants were consumed in the district. The wild horse when
caught was cheap. Cattle were cheap, a cow and calf being con-
sidered equal to ten dollars. This was the condition all over the
colony. Mrs. Harris said that there was little money in Texas.
Her father received cattle and hogs in lieu of money for his
practice as a physician, a cow and a calf passing as ten dollars.28
In the Bexar region there were only five thousand or so, head of
sheep. They exported from eight to ten thousand skins of vari-
ous kinds, and imported a few articles from New Orleans.
The Department of the Brazos was the section that Perry was
interested in, for it was here that Austin's Colony was located.
San Felipe, Columbia, Matagorda, Gonzales, and Mina were the
five municipalities of this department and in addition there were
considerable towns at Brazoria, Harrisburg, Velasco, and Bolivar.
Almonte estimated the population of the department at eight
thousand, of which he thought one thousand were slaves.
Almonte said that around 2000 bales of cotton had been ex-
ported from the Brazos in 1833,29 while Austin, who left Texas
for the City of Mexico in April of 1833, had estimated that the
crop for that year would be 7500 bales.30 But there had been a
big overflow in 1833, which had cut down the crop. Almonte
said that five thousand bales had been exported in 1832. The
maize crop in 1833 was over fifty thousand barrels, but none was
exported. The cattle of the department Almonte set down at
about twenty-five thousand head. The market cattle were driven
to Natchitoches for sale. The cotton of the Brazos was exported
to New Orleans and returned from 10 to 10 cents per pound
"'Wood, "Reminiscences of Texas and Texans Fifty Years Ago," in
The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, V, 115.
"Reminiscences of Mrs. Dilue Harris" in Quarterly of Texas State
Historical Association, IV, 123.
"Almonte, "Statistical Observations," in Kennedy's Texas, II, 75.
'"Austin's "Statistics of Texas" (1833) in Johnson-Barker, A History
of Texas and Texans, I, 174-176.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/92/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.