The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 90
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90 Southwestern IHistorical Quarterly
chapter of a book which stated that the "produce of last season
consisted of 1000 bales of cotton, 150,000 bushels of corn, and
140 hogsheads of sugar. The cotton was mostly shipped to New
Orleans, and the surplus corn and other products to Matamoros,
Tampico, and Vera Cruz.4" This article declared that wheat,
rye, oats, and barley were grown to some extent in the undulat-
ing districts, where they yielded abundantly, but that the scarcity
of mills and the low price discouraged their production. Austin,
on the contrary, reported, "The sowing of wheat has not pro-
gressed so much, because the climate is not suitable for this grain
in the settled region near the coast."47
If the farmer had sufficient force and suitable land, he usually
tried his hand at raising sugar cane and manufacturing sugar
and molasses. According to Mrs. Holley, sugar cane was be-
ginning to be cultivated extensively in 1836. She described
Texas cane as superior to that of both Arkansas and Louisiana."
In 1849 the State Gazette reported the average yield on a Brazos
plantation to be half a hogshead to the acre, estimating 1000
pounds to the hogshead. The system of cultivation was not so
advanced as in Louisiana.49
Tobacco and indigo were indigenous plants, but under Mexican
law the tobacco trade was a state monopoly and production was
restricted. Indigo was little cultivated. It was manufactured in
families for domestic use, and was preferred to the imported
Sweet potatoes were extensively cultivated upon the drier
prairies. Melons abounded everywhere. Beans, peas, Irish pota-
toes, and a variety of vegetables were grown in the gardens. The
Texans usually had a fall and winter garden as well as a spring
and summer one. In 1830 James Hope, "gardner and seeds-
man," was advertising his Connecticut garden seed and his fruit
trees at San Felipe.51 Fruit trees produced abundant crops.
"Texas Gazette, May 22, 1830, "From the American Quarterly Review,
XIII, March, 1830-G. F. Hopkins and Son: 1829."
47Austin's "Statistics of Texas," in Johnson-Barker, Texas and Texans,
"Holley, Texas (1836), 61-62.
"State Gazette, September 8, 1849.
"OHolley, Texas (1836), 63-64.
"Texas Gazette, May 29, 1830.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/96/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.