The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 92
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
LIFE ON THE PLANTATION55
The Peach Point Plantation was opened in December, 1832,
west of the Brazos river, ten miles below Brazoria. The condi-
tions the first year were unhappy. Cholera and malaria scourged
the settlements in 1833, and a letter from Perry to Austin de-
scribes their effects:
Our family has not been entirely clear of sickness since June
and part of the time scarcely enough well of either servants or
whites to wait on the sick and at the worst of our sickness there
was not a Physician could be had or a neighbour to call to see us
With regard to our crops and improvements we have done verry
little since the middle of June as the Blacks were all sick as
well as ourselves-we made a good crop of corn and pumpkins
about 8 or 900 bushels of corn and plenty of pumpkins. We
planted 13 acres of cotton the last week in June which bid fair
to do pretty well but the early frost has injured it much as it
had not commenced opening we do not expect much of a crop
Cotton is now a fine price in N. O. from 16 to 18 cts. There
is fine crops in this neighborhood and I am told all over the
colony where the overflow did not injure it.'"
Since the Day Book did not begin until 1837, and the first
crop recorded in the Record Book is that of 1838, there is an
interval of four years to be bridged over. This gap can only
be spanned by Perry's correspondence. His expectations of good
crops for 1834 as forecast in a letter to Austin did not come true.57
In January, 1835, he reported that the cotton crop had been
very small. This was partly due to small acreage, incident to
opening the plantation, and in part was due to ravages of cotton
worms, which destroyed about one-third of the crop. Such cot-
ton as he harvested Perry shipped to New Orleans and sold for
sixteen cents a pound. To his factors he wrote, "The cotton
crop in this country was verry fine with the exception of some
"Based upon Record Book from 1838 to 1851 and a Plantation Day
Book, 1837-1863. These volumes were given to the University of Texas
by Mirs. James F. Perry, Second, and her son and daughter-in-law, Mr. and
Mrs. Stephen S. Perry of Freeport. They still own the Peach Point Plan-
56Perry to Austin, October 26, 1833. Austin Papers.
"Perry to Austin, May 13, 1834.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/98/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.