The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 141
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Memoirs of George Bernard Erath
particularly of the element that had immigrated since the battle
of San Jacinto, which took the chief part in the elections. I had
no experience in legislation; Captain Hill, my senior in years
and it may be in military matters, had been in congress several
times from Washington County before coming to Milam, and he
was a man highly respected generally. The election next year,
when I was again a candidate, I think still better illustrates this
disposition of the people to which I refer. I had become ac-
quainted with and had fairly investigated Houston's course. I
found him as I thought more right than wrong. I had changed
my politics to a considerable extent, and had endorsed and voted
for some of Houston's measures irrespective of my standing with
the Western party. My situation gave me the casting vote. I
had been endorsed by my constituency, and partially so by Hols-
ton, and yet in the canvass a new man, who had been in the
country but two years, who was without service, and who had
offered himself the year before but withdrew after my nomina-
tion, ran against me, and notwithstanding the prestige and ex-
perience I had gained I was elected over him by only seven votes.
During the session of Congress in 1843 I gained an insight
into statesmanship as well as party tactics. I studied Sam Hous-
ton's financial system as well as his coquetting with England and
France through their ministers. HI-ad this last matter been known
publicly its object would have been frustrated by the clamor of
the people. Years afterward Houston was stigmatized by some
of his friends as an opponent of annexation to the Union and to
American principles, and as pandering to European interest.
During Lamar's administration Houston had been a representa-
tive in congress from an Eastern county and had originated the
colonization scheme. Contractors were to introduce a certain
number of families within defined limits west and north. Heads
of families were to receive 640 acres and single men 320 acres
free. The contractors were to be allowed to bargain for half of
this land for their assistance, and the same contractors were to
be allowed ten sections of land for every one hundred settlers
introduced and located. Several contracts were entered into. Two
that were actually carried out were Fisher and Miller's colony of
Germans and Castro's colony on the Medina. A contract was
also concluded with Mercer and Peters for the introduction of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/147/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.