The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 11
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The Negotiation of the Gadsden Treaty
say it, of the non-fulfillment of those engagements which the
United States contracted with Mexico by the eleventh article of
the Treaty of Guadalupe, and they proceed from the fact that
the frontier has not been provided with a sufficient number of
troops and that all other measures to which it is pledged for the
purpose of restraining, pursuing, and chastizing the savages have
not been adopted. Therefore, Mexico has preferred her complaints
to the government of the United States, both . . . through
the American legation here and through her own at Washington.
. . . General Almonte has been especially instructed to . .
present several of the many and numerous claims which have been
submitted to this department by citizens who have sustained the
disasters herein deplored, and those of other citizens will be for-
warded from time to time . . . for the same object, as well
as those which it behooves the nation to prefer on its own account.
. . . But inasmuch as . . . those devastating incursions
are being repeated without intermission and as nothing can com-
pensate for the loss of good and peaceful citizens and the desola-
tion and extermination of families, the undersigned . . . has
the honor of addressing himself to . . . the Envoy of the
United States, begging that he will be pleased to communicate
the contents of this note, together with the public and notorious
facts which have been the cause of it, to his government, in order
that, fully appreciating the immense importance of this subject,
it may be pleased to render effective the stipulations of the Treaty
of Guadalupe in regard to it by adopting all such measures as may
be necessary for affording complete redress for all the injuries that
have been incurred and for punishing and restraining the savages
as the sacred obligations . . . of said treaty and the equally
sacred rights of Humanity demand.9
Gadsden feigned great surprise at this stand on the part of the
Mexican minister. He declared he had supposed that the ghost
of Indian indemnities had already been slain by his predecessors;
quoted such so-called maxims of international law as: every inter-
pretation of a treaty which deduces from it obligations morally
and physically impossible is absurd and may be rejected, every
agreement imposing burdens which are not mutual is odious, and
equality in international contracts alone can justify respect for
the obligations incurred; and maintained that the United States
government had done everything within its power to protect the
inhabitants of Mexico from the incursions of the Indians. It had
ONote of August 30, 1853.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/17/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.