The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 12
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
defended Mexican citizens as diligently and as effectively as its
own-which accorded exactly with the obligations imposed by
Article XI. Since it was not accustomed to indemnify its own
citizens for losses occasioned by Indian raids, Mexico and its fron-
tier inhabitants need not expect indemnity. The government of
Mexico had in large measure prevented the effective management
of this whole Indian problem by disarming its frontier population,
insisting on a preposterous boundary, and objecting to the pursuit
of the savages across the international line, as well as to the move-
ment of American troops across, or stationing them within, the
disputed area. He did not deem it appropriate for the govern-
ment of the United States which had not originated these difficul-
ties, which, in fact, had uniformly manifested a desire to avoid
and terminate them, to suggest a mode of settlement, but he would
nevertheless entertain any propositions looking to this end which
Bonilla cared to submit.10
On September 18, in an official despatch to Marcy, Gadsden ex-
pressed the belief that Bonilla was on the point of presenting
such proposals as would lead to the settlement of all outstanding
difficulties. He felt sure that territory could be acquired, though
the price demanded might be exorbitant; and he asserted em-
phatically that no latitude north of 310 would be at all satisfac-
tory, while he urged that a natural line further south would "better
subserve the objects of restraining Indian incursions . . . and
promoting the harmony of border neighborhood."
In a private communication of the same date he called attention
to the sensitiveness manifested in Mexico on account of the in-
crease of the forces of the United States on the southwestern
frontier and dwelt upon his favorite idea of intimidation. He was
convinced, he said, that the augmentation of the "rank and file
on the whole line of the Rio Bravo will [would] operate advan-
tageously-so on the ocean." "We should show on all occasions
the sword, however covered by the Olive." This policy was urged
again on October 3, when he suggested that in case his mission
had not attained a successful issue by the end of the year, a trip
to Washington "for a private and confidential conference with
the President," and simultaneous "preparations on the frontier"
'0Note of September 9.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/18/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.