The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 13
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The Negotiation of the Gadsden Treaty
would have "the most decided influence" on the adjustment of
outstanding difficulties; and on the 18th of the same month, when
he advocated stationing war vessels in both the Gulf and the
Pacific and advancing an increased military force to the very
banks of the Rio Grande, although in the latter despatch pro-
tection of American interests in Mexico was given as one motive
for such procedure.
Preliminary conferences were held with the Mexican president.
on September 25 and on October 2. At last the negotiations
seemed to be fully under way. During the course of these con-
ferences Gadsden had recourse to his favorite argument of mani-
fest destiny (or should one say geographical predestination?).
Urging the sale of a much larger strip of territory than the bound-
ary adjustment and the Pacific railway would require, he declared:
No power can prevent in time the whole valley of the Rio Grande
from being under the same Government. All the sympathies of
the Mexican States west of that river must and will be with the
State or States east. And either Western Texas must come back
to the Mexican Government or the States of Tamaulipas, New
Leon; Coahula [sic] and Chihuahua, will by successive revolu-
tions or purchases become united with Texas. These are solemn
political truths-which no one can be blind to. It is for the con-
sideration therefore of the two Powers claiming opposing juris-
diction to determine (where fate seems to have decreed) whether
it is not in harmony with good neighborhood to the advantage of
both Republics to sell and to purchase; and thus anticipate a
union of States naturally bound to each other. . . .
During these interviews it was agreed that the territory in dis-
pute should remain in statu quo, the military commanders of both
governments on the frontier immediately to be informed of this
fact; and, although Santa Anna refused to consent to the aliena-
tion of more territory than the amount absolutely indispensable
to the proposed railroad and the settlement of the boundary dis-
pute, Gadsden still hoped for a larger cession as he awaited
the supplementary instructions which had been promised him
when he set out on his mission."1
Several busy and somewhat anxious weeks intervened, however,
before these arrived. In the meantime, he occupied himself with
11See Gadsden to Marcy, No. 6, October 3, 1853, and accompanying
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/19/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.