The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 191
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St. Denis's Second Expedition to the Rio Grande
tunes from and promoted mining and stock raising. Missionary
activity kept pace with their work.
As a result, two new and large jurisdictions were carved out in
the north before 1600. The first of these, Nueva Vizcaya, was
created in 1562. Beginning at the Gulf of California and passing
just north of the city of Zacatecas, the southern boundary of
Nueva Vizcaya extended eastward to and included Matehuala,
situated within the present Mexican state of San Luis Potosi.
From Matehuala the eastern boundary extended indefinitely to the
north and included within the limits of the new province the villa
of Saltillo, founded in 1555 by Fraucisco Urdifiola, senior. The
other province, Nuevo Le6n, was created in 1579. From Panuco
the eastern boundary of this province extended 200 leagues to the
north; on the west it was to be delimited by settlements of the
older province of Nueva Vizcaya. Within Nuevo Le6n, before
1600, there had been established in addition to Cerralvo, and other
mining settlements, the town of Monterey, located about twenty-
five leagues northeast of the Nueva Vizcayan westernmost outpost
of Saltillo. To the north of Saltillo a temporary settlement had
been made at Monclova by the governor of Nuevo Le6n.'
The province of Nuevo Le6n progressed slowly until 1625 when
it was granted to Martin de Zavala. Under him much progress
was made: new mines were opened, new settlements were founded,
and extensive explorations were made. In this way boundary dis-
putes arose between the provincial governments of Nueva Vizcaya
and Nuevo Le6n, which boded no good for either the civil or
clerical interests in either province. Finally, in 1674, as a means
of more effectively controlling the hostile Indians of the region
in between the settlements proper of the two provinces, the ter-
ritory north of Saltillo was erected into the alcaldia mayor of
Nueva Estramadura, with Antonio de Valcdrcel as first alcalde
mayor under the governor of Nueva Vizcaya. Three years later a
further step was taken when Nueva Estramadura was erected into
the province of Coahuila, on the same basis as Nueva Vizcaya and
Nuevo Le6n. At the same time Monclova, refounded for the third
'This paragraph is based upon' Hackett, C. W., Historical Documents
Relating to New lMeeico, Nueva Vizoaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1778,
I (Washington, 1923), pp. 14-18, and references therein cited, particularly
those cited in noted 19, p. 18.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/197/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.