The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 15
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The Negotiation of the Gadsden Treaty
enjoined not to enter Mexico with the written instructions, but
to communicate their contents orally to the minister. Marcy later
gave the following explanation for this procedure:
It was thought that there was at the time he [Ward] was sent
out a very critical state of things in regard to the ruling power
in that country, and that immediate pecuniary means would be
indispensable for its maintenance; and to provide these means in
the apprehended emergency a liberal concession of territory might
be readily made. But at the same time it was suggested that
should it in any way become publicly known that such a cession
was contemplated that fact would not only defeat the object but
overturn the existing government. . . . It was also appre-
hended . . . that the very unlimited power of General Santa
Anna might soon be circumscribed and he would not at a future
period be able to do what his necessities would then incline him
to do in order to get the means to strengthen his doubtful rule.18
Thus the government of the colossal and Heaven-favored Amer-
ican Democracy, which had wept over the oppression of the
Greeks, received Kossuth with open arms, contemplated striking
the chains from Canada, and posed as the mighty champion of
liberalism everywhere, admitted its disposition to prolong the rule
of a tyrant over a neighboring people and to offer him what
amounted, in effect, to a liberal bribe, in order to induce him to
dispose of a portion of the birthright of the Mexican nation.
Through Ward, Gadsden was instructed to direct his negotia-
tions toward the achievement of three objects-(1) release from
the eleventh article of the treaty of 1848, (2) the settlement of
reciprocal claims, (3) the acquisition of a new boundary--all of
which should be embraced in one treaty. With reference to the
boundary, the centre and heart of the negotiations, five possibili-
ties were suggested. The most southern boundary secured a moun-
tain-desert barrier and involved the cession to the United States
of a large portion of Tamaulipas, Nuevo Le6n, Coahuila, Chi-
huahua, and Sonora, and all of Lower California. The most
northern procured only what was believed to be sufficient area
for the contemplated Pacific railway route.14 The maximum which
18Marcy to Gadsden, No. 20, Confidential, January 6, 1854, Mex. Inst.,
"For these two proposed boundaries, see accompanying map. The five
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/21/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.