The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 17
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The Negotiation of the Gadsden Treaty 17
Gadsden was authorized to offer for the largest area was fifty
million dollars; the maximum for the smallest area was fifteen
million dollars, it being understood in all the proposals that the
sums stipulated were to secure, also, the release of the United
States from the obligations imposed by Article XI of the Treaty
of Guadalupe Hidalgo and from all claims of the Mlexican govern-
ment and people against the United States. In each of the offers
an attractive cash payment was provided, and the remaining in-
boundaries suggested were described as follows: (See memorandum of in-
structions to Ward, October 22, 1853, Mexico, Special Missions, Vol. 3.)
From a point on the Gulf of Mexico midway between the Boquillas
Cerradas and the Barra de Santander westward along the ridge dividing
the waters which flow into the river San Fernando from those which flow
into the river Santander to the Coast range of mountains. Thence
obliquely across that range on the South side of the Pass of Linares and
along the heights which border the plains of Durango to a point South
of the Lakes de Alamo and Parras. Thence along the highlands on the
west side of the said Lakes following the principle ridge which divides
the waters flowing into the Rio Conchos and Rio Sabinas up to the moun-
tain ridge contiguous to the Rio Grande. Thence along said ridge and
across the Conchos river up to the parallel of San Eliasario and thence
westwardly passing on the South side of Lake Guzman along the highlands
or the middle of the plains which divide the waters flowing into the Gulf
of California from those flowing into the Rios Grande and Gila until the
line so traced shall intersect the 111th degree of longitude west of Green-
wich,-and thence in a direct course to the Gulf of California at the 31st
degree of North latitude. Thence down the middle of said Gulf to its
Southern extremity and around the Southernmost point of the Cape of
Lower California and along its western coast, including all adjacent islands
to the termination of the U. S. Boundary on the Pacific.
From a point on the Gulf of Mexico midway between the Rio Grande,
and the Rio San Fernando, westwardly through the middle of the plain,
which divides the waters flowing into the Rio Grande and the Rio San
Fernando, until the line so drawn shall reach the highlands and thence
along said highlands, so as to include the waters flowing into the Rio
Grande to the Pass of Los Muertos, thence northwestwardly along the
highlands, including the waters of the Rio Grande, to a point on said
river between the mouth of the Rio Pecos and the Presidio del Norte,
where the highlands thus defined are intersected by the Rio Grande.
Thence along said river to the 31st degree of North latitude-thence
from the Canon of the Rio Grande below San Eliasario, North latitude
thirty-one along the mountain ridge which is contiguous to the Rio Grande,
up to the parallel of the Presidio San Eliasario. . . . [Thence as in
No. 1 to the middle of the Gulf of California.] Thence up the centre of
said Gulf and the channel of the Rio Colorado to the present boundary
of the United States.
From the Cafion of the Rio Grande below San Eliasario . [as in
No. 2 to the middle of the Gulf of California, thence as in No. 1 to the
boundary of the United States on the Pacific.]
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/23/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.