The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 33
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Memoirs of Major George Bernard Erath
trail that the pilots of the Santa F6 expedition expected to strike.
From the hunters I knew I never heard but one prong of Red
River mentioned-the one next to the trail, now called the north-
ern prong. It was said that the commissioners, who negotiated
and adopted the boundary between the United States and Spain
in the year 1819, traveled on that trail to the 100th degree of
longitude, and adopted the Red River next to it-the only river
of the name then known-as the boundary. The Prairie Dog
Fork of Red River was known to the Comanches as Prairie Dog,
River. It was spoken of by the hunters as a boggy slough or
sink a mile wide, all quicksand at the bottom, where water would
rise at night and in cloudy times, and difficult to cross. To
strike that trail from the point where I last saw the track of it,
the Santa F6 expedition would have had to cross the Prairie
Dog River and pass through the disputed territory now known
as Greer County. I maintain that by such passage through it
we obtained the first military possession of the country. No force
of the United States had ever entered it or claimed it. There
was but one Red River known-the northern fork. The same
territory was traversed two years later by our Snively expedition.
Many changes in political affairs took place in 1842. With
the exception of a few men left under Hays to watch Mexican
movements, the soldiers had been discharged, and being without
pay they were needy and eager to go to work, but could find
little employment. The people, much discouraged, had no par-
ticular faith in the coming Indian treaties. But the frontier
had advanced to some degree on the Brazos and east. In the
west it remained about the same. President Houston's attempt
to move the seat of government from Austin added to the dis-
couragement. A new financial theory was adopted. The old
Texas money, now depreciated to eight or ten for one, was en-
tirely set aside and a new issue made. Its value was to be based
on revenue from tariff and taxation, which were to be paid in
specie or good money, but exchequer bills, too, were taken at par.
With this new money Houston expected to be very economical
and he succeeded. The salaries and fees of officers were greatly
reduced, many offices were abolished, and the duties of remain-
ing ones were increased. The War and Navy departments were
merged, likewise the State and Postoffice departments. With
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/39/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.