The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 35
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Memoirs of Major George Bernard Erath
9. The Expedition to the Rio Grande under General Somervell
and the Battle of Mier, 1842 "
Notwithstanding our financial depression and inability to keep
a regular army, our independence was acknowledged by the lead-
ing powers of Europe and by the United States. As early as
1836 we made a proposition to annex ourselves to the United
States, but that government, at that time and up to the times of
which I now speak, rejected us and showed no partiality for us.
England and France (perhaps the intrigue was more British)
took advantage of the indifference of the United States and of
their influence over Mexico to demand the recognition of our
At the formation of our government we declared the Rio
Grande from its mouth to its head our western boundary. The
European governments in their intercessions in our behalf sup-
ported our claims, which we continued to keep prominently be-
fore the world. Santa Anna appeared not unwilling to enter
into negotiations, but asserted that we had no right to a great
part of the territory claimed-that we could not possibly claim
farther west than the San Antonio River, and to make a show
in the case sent General Vasquez with five hundred men to take
possession of San Antonio in March, 1842.
It was in reality a plundering or guerrilla party. Vasquez
could stay no time, as we could within a few days without a gen-
eral call on the country have a sufficient force there to capture
him, but it took the people by surprise that a robbing party of
that size could start secretly from Mexico upon an expedition
of eight or ten days and we know nothing about it whatever in
time to make counter preparations. Such a clamor was made
that Houston called Congress together and even recommended a
bill for defensive operations. Congress hastily convened, passed
a bill leaving it to General Houston to determine the number of
men and the extent of offensive operations to be adopted, and
for the whole of it appropriated fifty thousand dollars with no
money in the treasury, except the exchequer bills which would
at once have depreciated more than the old-fashioned Texas
"This account should be compared with the other narratives cited in
THE QUARTERLY, XXIII, 112-140. There are many discrepancies.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/41/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.