The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 36
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
money. General Houston was not to blame, it can easily be seen,
but he was more censured that year for not complying with the
passions of the people than at any other time.
Captain Eliot, the British minister to our government, was
ever close about the president, watching all that went on, and,
as fast as communication could be made in that slow-moving
time, reporting to his government. Apart from British interest,
I believe, he was really friendly to Texas and gave no credit to
Santa Anna for his plundering expedition. The latter was urged
the more to enter into negotiations. But to make a better show,
he started another expedition. On the first of September Gen-
eral Woll with a thousand men of the regular army and one
piece of artillery entered San Antonio, respecting the rights of
property according to civilized warfare, but missing it with the
rights of persons, for he took the judge and court, then in ses-
sion, with every lawyer and prominent man he could find--
which means every American--and sent them without delay
prisoners to the City of Mexico.
The news went like wildfire over the country. Within a few
days the people from the west gathered on the Salado, four
miles from San Antonio, under Colonel Caldwell, only waiting
for more men to take the effensive. Woll had no such incentive
to wait, attacked the Texans immediately before they should
gain more men, and was badly defeated-not, however, before he
had shown his Mexican proclivities, for a company of twenty
Texans who attempted to join Caldwell were massacred by him,
only two escaping. He retreated to San Antonio, and early next
morning started back to Mexico. The Texans pursued, and late
in the evening came in sight of the Mexicans on the Rio Hondo.
Line of battle was formed, Hays, in command of a company, was
about to charge, when Colonel Moore, the commander, ordered
a halt, and retired a short distance to await reinforcements.
During the night the Mexicans went on by a forced march, and
as the Texans had gathered in haste, without preparation for a
campaign, they could not follow them far.
There was now furious excitement, and everybody was calling
for war. Companies formed throughout the central and western
part of the country; but in the east and in the frontier counties
the people were slower to organize, though just as incensed about
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/42/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.