The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924 Page: 91
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New Mexico and the Texan Santa Fe Expedition
of fixing the responsibility for this attitude, he called attention
to the activities of traders from the United States. His com-
plaints were begun in the fall of 1837 when his secretary wrote
to the Mexican minister of foreign relations asking that steps be
taken to enforce the passport rules in order that illegal trade
with the Indians might be stopped.19 During the next year re-
ports from New Mexico stated that revolutionary movements
seemed likely to break out again as a result of the work of traders
from the north. These traders were said to be furnishing arms
and ammunition to the Apaches, and also acting as officers of the
The developments of the Texan revolution were, of course,
known to the officials in New Mexico, and to Armijo this meant
an additional danger. He expressed a belief that the Texans
would soon make a move to occupy the upper Rio Grande valley,
and saw in the relations between the "North American adven-
turers" and the Apaches simply a plan to prepare for co-oper-
ation with the Texans when their forces should arrive.21 Then
in 1839 his fears seemed to have been confirmed when he received
information concerning the Karnes expedition. Although this
was nothing more than an effort of Texas to subdue the Comanches,
the account which reached Armijo made of it an expedition to
penetrate the territory north of Santa Fe for the purpose of ex-
ploration, and with a view to forming a peaceful alliance with the
1Mexican residents of Santa F6.22 In transmitting this news to
the central government he made his first statement concerning
the attitude of the people of New Mexico toward the Texans by
expressing a fear that many of them would be glad to assist in
the establishment of Texan rule.28
It is necessary to consider this statement in its relation to
Armijo's earlier reports in order to estimate its importance. From
1Romero to Minister of Foreign Relations, October 31, 1837, in Bolton
Transcripts. Unless it is otherwise indicated all documents hereinafter
cited are in this collection.
20Moran to Minister of Foreign Relations, April 26, 1838.
'1Armijo to Minister of War, April 28, 1838.
22Miranda to Armijo, June 28, 1839. Miranda's information was secured
from a letter published in the Columbia (Missouri) Patriot of April 13,
28Armijo to Minister of War, August 18, 1839.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924, periodical, 1924; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/m1/97/: accessed February 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.