The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 224
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
dians in Texas.2 There were twelve tribes of southern Comanches,
the most important of which were the Penatekas and Quahas.3
The Comanches were the master spirits of the prairie because
of their number, their fine athletic physique, and their daring
character. They lived entirely by the chase, eating mostly buffalo
and wild horse. Their range extended as far south as the upper
Rio Grande, the Canadian, and the Red Rivers; but in winter
they occupied the country around the headwaters of the Brazos
and the Trinity Rivers.' Major Robert S. Neighbors, the special
agent for the Texas Indians, in his report of March 7, 1849, gave
the number of Comanches as 20,000, of which 4,000 were war-
riors. He stated that it was very difficult to get the actual num-
ber; that he had to rely on figures given him by the chiefs of the
various tribes.5 According to M. G. Lewis and P. M. Butler,
Indian commissioners for Texas and the Southwest, the number
of Comanches as given in their report to the United States In-
dian commissioner was 14,300. This report was for the year
1847, the first year after annexation.6
Kiowas.-The Kiowas were a distinct linguistic stock. They
came from the upper Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers into Colo-
rado and Oklahoma. Here they fought with the Comanches, who
claimed all the country to the south. Finally they made peace,
settled south of the Arkansas River, and formed a confederation
with the Comanches. The Kiowas were the most blood-thirsty
2Temas Almanac, 1869, p. 158.
8Hodge, A Handbook of American Indians, I, 327-328.
429 Cong., 2 Sess., House Doc. No. 76, p. 6.
631 Cong., 1 Sess., Senate Doc. No. 1, p. 963.
629 Cong., 2 Sess., House Doe. No. 76, pp. 7-8.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/228/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.