The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 22
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
so. That the constitution of the state expressly recognizes the
right of property in slaves by allowing six months after its pub-
lication for their introduction into the State. That they will
defend it, and with it, their property.
There ought to be no vociferous and visionary excitement or
noise about this matter. Our course is a very plain one-calm,
deliberate, dispationate, inflexible, firmness; and not windy and
ridiculous blowing and wild threats, and much less anything like
opposition to the Mexican Constitution, nothing of this kind will
do any good, it will in fact be unjustifiable, and will never be
approved of by me but on the contrary opposed most decidedly. I
will not violate my duty as a Mexican citizen.
The constitution must be both our shield, and our arms; under
it, and with it, we must constitutionally defend oureslves and
The chief of department Dn Ramon Musquiz, has taken a firm
and noble stand. He has suspended the publication of said de-
cree, and has represented in a very able manner against it. If
he should finally be compelled to publish and circulate it, the
Ayuntamientos must then take an unanimous, firm, and consti-
tutional stand. The people will unanimously support them.
T know nothing of the men who compose the Ayuntamiento
of Nacogdoches, if they are true patriots and true friends to
themselves and to Texas, they will not suffer that decree to be
published or circulated in that Municipality and, they will take
the stand I have indicated or some other that will preserve the
constitution and our constitutional rights from open, and direct
These are my ideas on the matter. I have said the same to
my friends in Bexar, and when the decree arrives officially, (which
it has not yet) I shall say the same to the Govt. What I do in
this matter will be done openly. Mexico has not within its whole
dominions a man who would defend its independence, the union
of its territory, and all its constitutional rights sooner than I
would, or be more ready and willing to discharge his duties as
a Mexican citizen; one of the first and most sacred of those duties
is to protect my constitutional rights, and I will do it, so far as
I am able. I am the owner of one slave only, an old decreped
woman, not worth much,"3 but in this matter I should feel that
my constitutional rights as a Mexican were just as much in-
fringed, as they would be if I had a thousand, it is the prin-
ciple and not the amount, the latter makes the violation more
agravated, but, not more illegal or unconstitutional."
b"Bill of sale from John Gibson to Austin, February 5, 1828, selling a
negro woman for $350. Austin Papers, MS.
"Austin to Durst, November 17, 1829, Austin Papers, MS. Durst re-
plied on the 24th that the people would unanimously follow Austin's ex-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/26/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.