The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 23
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Influence of Slavery in the Colonization of Texas
We can only guess at the situation in Austin's colony by his
own grim determination. We have just seen his advice to Durst.
Later he wrote General Terin, commandant general of the East-
ern Interior Provinces and military chief of Texas:
I could see in the decree [of emancipation] nothing but the over-
throw and destruction of all the efforts and painful labors of more
than seven years to redeem Texas from the uninhabited and aban-
doned condition that it was in in 1821--nothing but the ruin
of many individuals, the loss of faith in the government, and the
surrender of this valuable section of the republic to the Indians."
Fortunately for the Texans, Guerrero's secretary of relations
was Agustin Viesca, brother of the governor of Coahuila and
Texas," so that their petitions received prompt attention. On
December 2 the secretary wrote the governor that the president
has been pleased to accede to the solicitation of your Excellency
and declare the department of Texas excepted from the general
disposition comprehended in said decree [of September 15, 18291.
Therefore his Excellency declares that no change must be made
as respects the slaves that legally exist in that part of your
This was forwarded by the governor on December 12 to the po-
litical chief and by him it was circulated on December 24.S It
reached the colonies three or four days later.
On December 29, probably in the mail that brought the politi-
cal chief's welcome news, Austin received the same information
from General Terin.59 TerAn's letter is dated at Tampico, No-
ample. Thus far he had been able to control the ayuntamiento, but had
no confidence in its stability--"they are a Boddy without souls and sub-
jects easy worked on by intrigue."
"'Austin to Teran, December 29, 1829.
"Letters to Mfisquiz and Padilla to Austin, November 27, 1829, Austin
"7This quotation is from a translation in the Texas Gazette, January
30, 1830. There is a manuscript copy and a translation in Nacogdoches
Archives, Texas State Library. See also General Land Office of Texas,
Vol. 57, page 131, MS.
"See General Land Office of Texas, Vol. 57, page 131ff. Writing the
Governor on January 3, 1830 (Ibid.), Misquiz said: "I shall never be
able to be grateful enough for the consideration with which it was
deigned to attend to the exposition which I addressed to you on this
"Austin to Teran, December 29, 1829, Austin Papers, MS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/27/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.