The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 28
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28 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of Texas; ultimately even their use in all the coast states of
Mexico was probably inevitable; but the system had many dis-
advantages and he thought it unwise to raise the subject during
the existing political agitations. Comparing Texas with the rest
of Mexico, he saw no obstacles to its final prosperity, but, as in
everything else, he said, it was "necessary to have patience and
not expect progress to be made in a year which could come only
with the fullness of time."71 There the matter rested.
Austin wrote his secretary that his arguments had made a
great impression on Terin, but he was far from happy about it.
"I sometimes shudder at the consequences," he declared, "and
think that a large part [of] America will be San I)Domingonized
in 100 or 200 years. The wishes of my colonists have hurried
me into this thing. But I am now in for the cuestion, and there
is no retreat."T2 He could not refrain, however, from wistful
glances backward. Months later he spoke of slavery as "that
curse of curses and worst of reproaches on civilized man; that
unanswered and unanswerable inconsistency of free and liberal
republicans.'""7 By May of 1833, however, he was more or less
reconciled to the loss of his ideal. "I have been averse to the
principle of slavery in Texas," he wrote. "I have now and for
the last six months changed my views on that matter, though my
ideas are the same as to the abstract principle. Texas must be
a slave country. Circumstances and unavoidable necessity com-
pel it. It is the wish of the people there, and it is my duty to
do all I can, prudently, in favor of it. I will do so."74
From this point it is difficult to single out the topic of slavery
without giving it, perhaps, an exaggerated significance in the
developments of the next three years. In April, 1832, the legis-
lature of Coahuila and Texas passed a new colonization law, re-
pealing that of 1825. Two of its articles touched the slavery
question. The first subjected immigrants to existing and future
71Teran to Austin, March -, 1831, and April 3, 1831; Austin to Ala-
man, March 21, 1831, Transcripts from department of Fomento, Mexico,
legajo 2, expediente 5.
2Austin to Samuel M. Williams (his secretary), April 16, 1831. Rosen-
berg Library, Galveston, Texas.
"SAustin to Mrs. Holley, December 25, 1831, Austin Papers, MS. Writ-
ing to Edward Livingston, June 24, 1832, Austin still expressed satis-
faction with the constitutional exclusion of slaves from Texas.
7"Austin to Wily Martin, May 30, 1833. Austin Papers, MS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/32/: accessed March 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.