The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 35
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Recognition of Diaz Government by United States
III and the foisting of Maximilian's empire upon a part of the
Mexican people, the recognition thus accorded federal and con-
stitutional government in Mexico was continued without inter-
ruption until the death of Juarez in 1872, and, after that,
through the administration of his successor, Lerdo de Tejada.
In November, 1876, however, the constitutional order was
overthrown when General Porfirio Dlaz led a successful revolu-
tion against Tejada and set up a provisional government. In
May, 1877, as the result of general elections decreed by the pro-
visional government, Diaz was elevated to the presidency and
the constitutional order restored. The United States formally
accorded recognition to the Diaz government in April, 1878, after
which date constitutional presidential succession was the rule in
Mexico until the overthrow of Diaz by Madero in 1911. Thus
it is seen that only once in a period of fifty-two years, or from
1859 until 1911, was the United States obliged to consider the
question of according recognition to a Mexican government.
Since 1911 this question has arisen in connection with no fewer
than four governments in Mexico, namely, those of Madero,
Huerta, Carranza, and Obreg6n.
It is the purpose of this paper to discuss the question of the
recognition by the United States of the government of Porfirio
Diaz, and, in connection therewith, to indicate the various poli-
cies adopted by the United States during the pendency of this
the country was a prey to civil war, and it was hoped that the success
of the constitutional President might lead to a condition of things less
injurious to the United States. This success became so probable that,
in January last, I employed a reliable agent to visit Mexico and report
to me the actual condition and prospects of the contending parties. In
consequence of his report, and from information which reached me from
other sources, favorable to the prospects of the constitutional cause, I
felt justified in appointing a new minister to Mexico, who might em-
brace the earliest opportunity of restoring our diplomatic relations with
that republic. For this purpose a distinguished citizen of Maryland was
selected, who proceeded on his mission on the 8th of March last, with
discretionary authority to recognize the government of President Juarez,
if, on his arrival in Mexico, he should find it entitled to such recogni-
tion, according to the established practice of the United States.
"On the 7th of April following, Mr. Lane presented his credentials to
President Juarez, having no hesitation in pronouncing the government
of Juarez to be the only existing government of the republic. He was
cordially received by the authorities at Vera Cruz, and they have ever
since manifested the most friendly disposition toward the United States."
-Extract from President Buchanan's message, in House Reports, 45
Cong., 1 and 2 sess., 1877-78, vol. III (serial no. 1824), doe. no. 701, p.
14; ibid., p. 439.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/39/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.