The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 36
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
question. The policy at last formulated and adopted by the
United States may, since nothing occurred to alter it, be taken
as that held by the United States with regard to the general
question of recognition of Mexican governments between the years
1878 and 1911, or for a period of thirty-three years. A study
of the same general question since 1911 merits similar investiga-
tion, for which the present paper may be considered an intro-
It was on November 26, 1876, that General Diaz entered Mex-
ico City from which President Lerdo de Tejada had fled six days
earlier. On November 28 Diaz proclaimed a provisional govern-
ment,4 the chief functions of which were to prosecute the revolu-
tion and to hold elections for a president and a new Congress.
The elections were held in February and March, 1877; on May
2 the new Congress, after having canvassed the presidential re-
turns, declared Diaz to have been elected; on May 5 Diaz took
the oath of office as constitutional president.5
At the outset of the provisional presidency, and before the Feb-
ruary elections, Diaz made no formal move or request for the
recognition of his government by that of the United States.
That he confidently expected, however, in case the February elec-
tions were favorable to him, that his constitutional presidency
would be recognized promptly by the United States, was later
admitted by Sefior Vallarta, his Minister of Foreign Relations.6
This confidence of Diaz was based almost entirely upon the good
impression which he anticipated would be created by his stand
with respect to the findings of the Mixed Claims Commission.
This was a joint commission, which, since July 4, 1868, had been
adjudicating claims of United States and Mexican nationals that
had arisen since the treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo in 1848. Its
report, made on December 14, just sixteen days after the estab-
lishment by Diaz of the provisional government, showed a net
balance in favor of United States nationals of nearly four mil-
"'Proclamation of General Diaz as President of Mexico (translation),"
in House I . Does., 45 Cong., 2 sess., I, Foreign Relations (serial no.
1793), doe. no. 1, pt. 1, pp. 385-386.
'Vallarta to Foster, Mexico, Feb. 19, 1877, in ibid., p. 397; and Foster,
J. W., Diplomatic Memoirs, I (Boston and New York, 1909), p. 87.
Foster to Evarts, Mexico, June 20, 1877, in House Em. Does., 45 Cong.,
2 sess., I, Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793), doe. no. 1, p. 410.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/40/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.