The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 41
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Recognition of Diaz Government by United States
ity"-0 Furthermore, the February elections having been favor-
able to Diaz, "steps were at once taken to have the revolutionary
government assume the character of a constitutional one."21
Without question, if the only prerequisite for the recognition of
his government by that of the United States was the establish-
ment of an effective de facto government-and, admittedly, such
until then had been the traditional policy of the United States2"-
General Diaz had more than met that requirement.
Though no move looking toward the recognition of the provi-
sional government had been made by Diaz prior to the February
elections, Sefior Vallarta began, after it was known that these were
favorable to Diaz, to manifest "much anxiety and even impa-
tience as to the action of the United States respecting recogni-
tion." Diaz himself addressed an autograph letter to the Presi-
dent of the United States and to the heads of other friendly
governments acquainting them with his election to the constitu-
tional presidency. To this letter no reply was made by the Presi-
dent of the United States.23
Such was the status of the recognition question when the
Hayes administration came into power in the United States on
March 4, 1877. But despite the fact that the traditional policy
of the United States with respect to the recognition of Mexican
governments had been only to demand, as a prerequisite, the es-
tablishment of an effective de facto government4 the Hayes ad-
ministration was not to be guided by such precedent. Instead,
serious matters of difference between the two countries became
involved with that of recognition. The developments in this
For a number of years prior to 1877 there had been strong
feeling in Texas and other border states because of raids from
Mexico of uncivilized Indians and brigands, and the Texas State
government and citizens had repeatedly appealed to the federal
"Foster to Fish, Mexico, Feb. 19, 1877, in House Ex. Does., 45 Cong.,
2 sess., Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793), doe. 1, pt. 1, p. 396.
"Foster, Diplomatic Memoirs, I, 87.
22See Report, House Committee on Foreign Affairs, April 25, 1878, in
House Reports, 45 Cong., 1 and 2 seas., 1877-78, III (serial no. 1824),
doc. 701, p. xxxviii; and "Extract from the annual message of President
Hayes, December 3, 1877," in ibid., 64 (quoted on page 51).
23Foster, Diplomatic Memoirs, I, pp. 87-88.
24See note 22.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/45/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.