The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 47
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Recognition of Diaz Government by United States
The above instructions, when published in Mexico, created an
outburst of indignation, both official and popular. Diaz himself
declared that the order was in contradiction "with the treaties
in force between Mexico and the United States, with the rules
of international law, and even with the practice of civilized na-
tions ;"39 Mexican Minister of Foreign Relations Vallarta claimed
that in issuing this order the United States was treating the
the Mexicans as savages, "as Kaffirs of Africa," and that all sov-
ereign rights of the Mexican republic had been completely dis-
regarded.40 An excitable and excited press inflamed public opin-
ion. Nor did the Diaz officials stop with merely fulminating
against the instructions to General Ord, for General Trevifio,
with a division of the army, was sent to the frontier with in-
structions to pursue and capture any criminals as they might
escape from the United States into Mexico, but, on the other
hand, "to repel force by force," should an "invasion" by the
American army take place.41
Such was the status of the relations between the United States
and Mexico when, on June 19, Mr. Seward's communication of
May 16, in which he outlined the policy of the Hayes adminis-
tration with respect to border disturbances and recognition, was
made the basis for another extended conference between Mr. Fos-
ter and Sefior Vallarta. At this conference Sefior Vallarta in-
sisted that the Diaz government "possessed all the conditions of
recognition required by international law and the practice of
nations, and as proof of this cited the fact that the European
powers represented in Mexico as well as the Central American
republics, had already recognized the present government, leav-
a prompt disavowal of the act, with reparation for its consequences,
and the punishment of the perpetrators." (Evarts to Foster, Washing-
ton, June 21, 1877, in House Ex. Docs., 45 Cong., 2 sess., 1877-1878, 1,
Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793), doc. 1, pt. 1, p. 413.)
8"Order of Mexican Minister of War Ogaz6n to General Ger6nimo
Trevifio, Mexico, June 18, 1877 [English translation], in House Ex.
Does., 45 Cong., 2 sess., 1877-78, I, Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793),
doc. 1, pt. 1, pp. 416-18. Also in House Em. Does., 45 Cong., 1 sess., I
(serial no. 1773), doc. 13, pp. 19-20. Also in House Reports, 45 Cong.,
1 and 2 sess., 1877-78, III (serial no. 1824), no. 701, pp. 242-43.
4Foster to Evarts, Mexico, June 20, 1877, in House Ex. Does., 45 Cong.,
2 sess., 1877-1878, I, Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793), doc. 1, pt. 1,
"Order of Mexican Minister of War Ogaz6n to General Ger6nimo
Trevifio, Mexico, June 18, 1877 [English translation], loo. cit.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/51/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.