The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 48
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ing the United States in a singular and independent position,
which he sought to explain by the unfriendly attitude of the ad-
ministration of President Hayes."42 Sefior Vallarta also claimed
that the Diaz government had "manifested every possible dispo-
sition to comply with the obligations of treaty and comity toward
the United States"-citing as proof in this connection the prompt
payment of the first installment of indemnity; that Mexico "had
held itself ready to give all reasonable guarantees for the pres-
ervation of peace on the frontier and for the protection of Ameri-
can interests in Mexico;" but that "the adjustment of these ques-
tions would probably follow recognition.""43
Mr. Foster's stand with regard to the contention of Sefior
Vallarta was firm. Starting with the premise that every nation
must be its own judge as to the time and manner of recognizing
a new and revolutionary government, Mr. Foster pointed out that
geographical proximity created for the United States a unique
position with respect to Mexico, and that the United States was
therefore interested "in knowing the spirit which animates and
the stability which is likely to attend any new government" in
Mexico.44 Without mincing words Mr. Foster then placed the
42"Foster to Evarts, Mexico, June 20, 1877, in House Ex. Does., 45 Cong.,
2 seas., 1877-1878, I, Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793), doc. 1, pt. 1,
During 1877 and 1878 only six foreign governments maintained diplo-
matic representatives in Mexico. These were Germany, Spain, the United
States, Italy, Guatemala and El Salvador (Memoria que present . . .
al Noveno Congreso de la Union el C. Eleuterio Avila, Oficial Mayor E1n-
cargado del Despacho de la Secretaria de Estado y de Relaciones Ex-
teriores (Mexico), 1878, p. 11). England and France had not maintained
diplomatic relations with Mexico since 1867 (Report, House Committee
on Foreign Affairs, April 25, 1878, in House Reports, 45 Cong., 1 and 2
sess., 1877-78, III (serial no. 1824), doc. 701, p. xl). Of the countries
represented in Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador had the same Min-
ister, while Italy's diplomatic intercourse with Mexico was entrusted to
a consul-general. Germany, through its minister-resident, formally rec-
ognized the Diaz government on May 30, 1877. Similar action was taken
by the minister plenipotentiary representing Guatemala and El Salvador
on June 7 and by the minister plenipotentiary representing Spain on
June 16 (Foster to Evarts, Mexico, June 16, 1877, in House Ex. Does.,
45 Cong., 2 sess., 1877-1878, I, Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793), doe.
1, pt. 1, p. 409). Between June 16 and July 30, 1877, Italy accorded
formal recognition to the Diaz government. (Foster to Evarts, Mexico,
July 30, 1877, in ibid., p. 426.)
43Foster to Evarts, Mexico, June 20, 1877, in House Ex. Does., 45 Cong.,
2 sess., 1877-1878, I, Foreign Relations (serial no. 1793), doc. 1, pt. 1,
"Ibid., p. 141.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/52/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.