The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 50
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
cally stated "must necessarily precede any recognition of Diaz,"
were to be held in Mexico City. Mr. Foster was accordingly in-
structed to continue his "unofficial intercourse with Mr. Val-
larta" and enter fully "into the discussion of the various sub-
jects, including the "border raids, the action of military com-
manders, the question of forced loans. . . ." In the mean-
time Secretary Evarts said that the United States would "reserve
its decision upon the question of recognizing the government of
General Diaz, to await such information as it may receive from
Thus the Hayes administration departed from its initial stand
with respect to Mexico, namely, that co-operation in the effective
suppression of disturbances on the frontier by the Diaz govern-
ment must precede its recognition by the United States, and
took a more advanced stand. This was that admission by Mex-
ico of the right of the United States to pursue offenders into
Mexico was a necessary prerequisite to a treaty satisfactorily cov-
ering all matters in dispute between the two countries, and, in
turn, that such a treaty was a prerequisite to the recognition of
the Diaz government by that of the United States.
Acting under the above instructions of Secretary Evarts, Mr.
Foster began his negotiations at once. On September 4 he ad-
vised Secretary Evarts that the Mexican government up to that
time had not on a single question50 met the expectations of the
United States, that no single question had been satisfactorily ad-
justed, and that several had been postponed. With reference to
the border troubles, the settlement of which he regarded as a
sine qua non to the arrangement of a treaty, Mr. Foster stated
that the Mexican government had resisted step by step the prop-
"Evarts to Foster, Washington, August 2, 1877, loc. cit., p. 451.
0Mr. Foster reported that prior to September 4 he had, in one inter-
view with President Diaz and at six prolonged conferences with Minister
of Foreign Affairs Vallarta, discussed the following topics: "The Rio
Grande frontier troubles; the 'Zona Libre'; the proper disposition of the
Indians in Coahuila and Chihuahua; the rectification of the boundary
of the Rio Grande or the recognition of rights rendered uncertain con-
sequent on the changes of the channel of the said river; the abolition of
the law which prevents American citizens from holding real estate in
Mexico on the frontier; the exemption of American residents in Mexico
from forced loans; the recognition and adjustment of claims of Ameri-
cans rising from the Diaz revolution of 1871-'72; the complaints for the
seizure of the American vessels Dreadnaught and Montana, at Mazatlan;
and the imprisonment of Consul Sutter and other outrages at Acapulco."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/54/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.