The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 51
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Recognition of Diaz Government by United States
osition for a reciprocal crossing of troops in pursuit of raiders,
although he inferred from Sefior Vallarta's recent declarations
that the proposition would eventually be agreed to by the latter
On November 8, however, Mr. Foster reported that Sefior Val-
larta still declined to grant "permission for the reciprocal cross-
ing of troops" which the former still "insisted upon as the es-
sential measure to be inserted in a treaty on that subject." On
his part Sefior Vallarta "manifested still greater impatience as
to the continuance of the instructions to General Ord of June
1, and was very emphatic in denunciation of the crossing into
Mexico of Colonel Shafter and Lieutenant Bullis in the last
days of September.""
The situation had not changed by December 3. On that day
President Hayes, in his annual message to Congress, said:
It has been the custom of the United States, when . . .
changes of government have heretofore occurred in Mexico, to
recognize and enter into official relations with the de facto gov-
ernment as soon as it should appear to have the approval of the
Mexican people and should manifest a disposition to adhere to
the obligations of treaties and international friendship. In the
present case such official recognition has been deferred by the
occurrences on the Rio Grande border. . . . While I do not
anticipate an interruption of friendly relations with Mexico, yet
I cannot but look with some solicitude upon a continuance of
border disorders. . . . I yet must ask . .. that the
lives and property of our citizens may be adequately protected
and peace preserved."
From the above it appears that the Hayes administration had
adopted a policy of watchful waiting; the year 1877 closed with
the State departments of the two republics apparently hopelessly
deadlocked over the questions at issue between them.
Meanwhile both houses of the United States Congress had in-
tervened in the Mexican situation. On November 1, 1877, the
House of Representatives unanimously adopted a resolution of-
"'Foster to Evarts, Mexico, September 4, 1877, in House Reports, 45
Cong., 1 and 2 sess., 1877-1878, III (serial no. 1824), doe. no. 701, pp.
"Foster to Evarts, Mexico, November 8, 1877, in ibid., p. 456.
""Extract from the annual message of President Hayes, December 3,
1877," in House Reports, 45 Cong., 1 and 2 sess., 1877-78, III (serial no.
1824), doc. 701, p. 64.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/55/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.