The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 54
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
recognition, and I carried back with me to Mexico authority to
place myself in official relations with the 'Mexican Government.63
This authority was outlined in an official despatch from Sec-
retary Evarts to Mr. Foster dated at Washington, March 23,
1878; it constitutes a complete reversal of the initial policy of
the Hayes administration as outlined in Seward's despatch of
May 16, 1877.
Justification for this reversal of policy lay in the facts that
General Diaz had "been able to preserve peace for the most part
in the country, and that his authority continues to be recog-
nized practically, throughout the entire republic;" that the Mexi-
can authorities had manifested "an increased desire to preserve
peace and good order on the frontier, and an endeavor to adopt
more vigorous and efficient measures to repress border depreda-
tions and raids on the territory of the United States;" that Mex-
ico had promptly paid "two successive installments of the sum
awarded by the American-Mexican Claims Commission;" and
that the Diaz government had "found itself embarrassed in the
discussion of pending matters of difference between the two na-
tions, and placed under restraint in reaching a satisfactory set-
tlement of these matters by the absence of recognition."
In view of the above considerations Secretary Evarts stated
It is better for this government to waive its own preferences
as to the fittest manner and time of adjusting the difficulties,
sufficiently grave, which have prevented a good understanding
with a sister republic. . . . The President, animated by an
earnest desire to remove every impediment to an adjustment of
all disputed questions between the two governments, will, there-
fore authorize you to inform Mr. Vallarta . . . that hence-
forth your communications will be marked official and in the
usual form with recognized powers.
You are also instructed to follow this act of recognition by in-
viting the Secretary of Foreign Affairs to enter with you upon a
consideration of some permanent measures for the preservation
of peace and the punishment of outlawry on the frontier, the
better protection of American citizens and their interests, in
Mexico, and the settlement of the various matters of complaint
made by the Government of the United States."
"Foster, Diplomatic Memoirs, I, 95.
8"Evarts to Foster, Washington, March 23, 1878, in House Em. Does., 45
Cong., 3 sess., 1878-79, I, Foreign Affairs (serial no. 1842), pp. 543-544.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/58/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.