The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 58
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58 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
as they were accustomed to do, and they arrived at the first houses
where they had maize, which were more than two hundred leagues
from Culuacan (where Nufio de Guzman was settled, and there
was a town of pacified Indians). There4 they gave them great
quantities of maize, and parched meal, and beans and pumpkins
and other seeds, and the other things they were accustomed to give.
These Indians had small houses of earth, made with mud walls
and thatched, much like covered hampers (I mean to say baskets) ;
so that they were like mud blocks covered with woven palm leaves,
or reeds, or other similar thatch.
In this manner they went more than eighty leagues and every
two or three days they arrived at settlements [pueblos] and they
rested a day or two in each settlement. And from there they com-
menced to give them many cotton blankets, and good ones, and
all that they had, so that they kept nothing; and some turquoises
in the same way. All this they gave to the Christians, who gave
it back to them again. There were so many sick and afflicted that
they wearied of healing them; for there were many people, and
they had to rub them and breathe over them, and those who were
not so treated believed that they had to die.
They came from ten or twelve leagues round about to bring the
sick, and there travelled with them, (I mean with the Christians
wherever they went) a thousand or fifteen hundred persons, and
sometimes more than three thousand, until they reached the plain
near the coast. And when they arrived there, in eight months they
had not left the mountains.5
The Christians advised and instructed all these people that they
should turn their thoughts toward heaven; and that they should
lift up the eyes; join the hands; bend the knees, and when they
had some great need, pray to All Powerful God. And they did
so, and believed that these Christians came from heaven, and took
much pleasure in their recounting heavenly things. But they
could not give them knowledge as they desired, through failure of
'At or near Babisbe, on the upper Yaqui. where it flows from south
5This stately journey probably took them up the Yaqui to Guachinera;
thence westward to Guasavas, on the same river where it flows from
north to south; thence to Batuco in Rio Moctezuma; and from there to
the site of Ures on Rio Sonora. The reasons for these conclusions are
stated in the appendix.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/62/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.