The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 59
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The Expedition of Pinfilo de Narvaez
language. It seemed, from the faith and affection with which
they listened to and followed these Christians; and since, accord-
ing to what these Christians said, they had among them less super-
stition and idolatry than any people they found after escaping,
they believed without doubt they would make good Christians.
These people had -such affection for them that they cried when
they parted from them and those who carried them forward; and
some women who were pregnant, and others recently delivered,
came with children in their arms to take leave of the Christians,
giving the child three or four grains of maize in its hands to give
to the Christians, and it seemed that they said that if they per-
mitted this, and received these from the children, they would never
take ill nor be sick.
When they had crossed the sierras as said, these four Christians,
(who were the three Spaniards as mentioned, and the negro called
Esteban, who was a Christian) arrived at three small pueblos,
which had about twenty houses in them, like those they had passed,
and close together, and not one here and another yonder, as they
saw them afterward in the pacified land.
There the coast people came to the Christians. It was ten or
twelve leagues from there, as by signs they gave them to under-
This pueblo, or as better said, these pueblos together, the Chris-
tians named the Villa de los Corazones, because there they gave
them more than six hundred hearts of deer, cut open and dried."
Among all these people, from the first houses of the maize, the
men went about very immodestly, without covering any part of
their persons; but the women [dressed] very modestly, with skirts
of deer skin to the feet, with the edges trailed backward, closed up
in front to the ground, and laced with thongs. And from under
these, through where they are closed, they bring a mantilla of
cotton; and another over it; and some neckerchiefs of cotton with
which they cover all the breast.
These Indians told them that along all that coast from the south
toward the north (which is better put, and the call should have
been, not "from the south," but "northerly") there were many
6This villa of Corazones became an important point of support for the
Coronado expedition, four years later, and the Coronado chronicles lo-
cate it definitely on Rio Sonora, near the site of the present Ures. Their
location is discussed at length in the appendix.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/63/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.