The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 60
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60 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
people, much food, much cotton, and large houses; and that they
had many turquoises, which they brought from there for ransoms;
but they did not know of their giving gold nor of taking it new
And so these Christians believed, from what they told them
there, and from what they had seen before entering into the
sierras, that the rattle and cotton blankets that they gave them,
(as this history has recounted) came from above, from that other
sea and coast, as was said; and thus they told them that it was
settled, with many people and much food.
And also it appeared that these flat roofed houses, and the women
going about in such modest attire, were learned and taken from
there.7 Because from there, forward, in this direction, a good
three hundred leagues, to a river that was discovered by Nufio de
Guzman," they had such dress and such houses; but not beyond it
in this direction, but only basket-like houses of straw, and the
women with some mantillas to the waist, and some of the most
modest, to the knee.
After leaving this settlement [pueblo] they went thirty leagues
to this river,9 already mentioned, making them sustain those who,
7I have no doubt that the name "Sefora," later corrupted into Sonora,
which the Spaniards gave to this valley was derived from this modest
dress of the women.
SThe Yaqui, as Naufragios with greater precision, states. It was dis-
covered for Nufto de Guzman by an expedition led by Diego de Guzman.
'Diego Guzman's account of his journey to this river is published in
Documentos Indditos del Archivo de las Indias, Tomo XV, 325-338. It
is a detailed diary of the march; he arrived at Rio Petlatian July 11,
1531, and left there for Rio Sinaloa on the 25th, encountering three lan-
guages in the next four leagues.
On Sunday the 28th he arrived at a pueblo of a hundred and fifty
ranchos of petates (basket-like huts) on Rio Sinaloa, the best he had
seen so far. These people had a few beans, and considerable maize. Here
he learned that two days journey forward there was a pueblo called Teo-
como, with which these Sinaloa Indians were at war and two days
journey beyond that a small river and a settlement called Mayomo which
was where he then wished to go.
He remained at Sinaloa until the 17th of September, when he left
there, arriving at the other river (Mayomo) a week later. This river
was small, but its banks were thickly settled at intervals, and the people
had much food. Here they heard of another and larger river, and a
town called Nebame. On the last day of September, he left in search of
Nebame. He crossed the river to take the road, but became lost. The
guide, who was a Mayomo, said there was no road. After a journey of
nineteen leagues he came to the river of which he had heard, on October
4th, and crossing the river next day found a place of thirty ranchos of
petates wits some small brush sheds, but no people. The inhabitants
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/64/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.