The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 61
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The Expedition of Pdnfilo de Narvaez 61
as has been said, accompanied these Christians; and there it rained
fifteen days and they were obliged to halt.0 It was through
Christmas; and there waited there always many people with them,
who never left them, although they were from far away.
There Castillo saw an Indian of this village with a piece of
sword belt, and a horseshoe nail hung from his neck like a jewel
So he took it, and the Christians inquired from them from where
these things were. They replied that other men like these Chris-
tians had arrived there with horses, swords and lances; and showed
the Christians how they had lanced and killed the Indians." The
had retired from the place, determined to defend themselves, but were
awaiting other men from a settlement lower down the river who had
not yet arrived. After a skirmish with these Indians, who were called
Yaquimi, in which horses and Spaniards were wounded, he remained on
this river at this place, seventeen days, waiting for them to recover.
Here he heard of another river and people inland, and of the Nebame
two days journey up the river. He also had notice of the coast.
This river, which he called San Francisco, was larger than either of
On October 20th he started up the river in search of Nebame. After
two days' journey along the river of four leagues each he re-crossed it,
and the current being strong two peones clung to the stirrups of
each horseman. He arrived that day at the pueblo of Nebame. The peo-
ple of this pueblo had gone to the mountains. The next day he sent
three horsemen up the river but it narrowed among the mountains, and
they could not go forward, so he decided to return down the river in search
of the sea.
On Sunday, October 26th, he encamped on the river two leagues below
Yaquimi, where Jorge Rablido who had scouted down the river, reported
that lower down it was settled only at intervals, and by reason of the
many thickets there was no road, and that he had found some marshes
of the sea. By reason of this, and his inability to understand the In-
dians of the country, Guzman decided to return to Culiacan, where he
arrived December 30th, 1531.
"The account of this journey in Naufrdgios is more detailed. Cabeza
de Vaca says they went forward from Corazones to another village where
rain overtook them which was 12 leagues from the river that Diego de
Guzman reached. Friar Marcos, guided by the negro Esteban, spent some
days at a considerable village in this same locality, which he called
Vacapa. Jaramillo notes an important settlement at the same place.
Bandelier identifies this Vacapa, I think correctly, with Matape (Contri-
butions to the History of Southwestern Portion of United States, Chap-
ters on Friar Marcos of Niza).
"They were now at the village at which Diego de Guzman had arrived,
on the north bank of the Yaqui. Guzman noted onll one such village,
which he calls Yaquimi; then the westernmost settlement of the Indians
of the same name. This was the only village in this vicinity whose inhab-
itants resisted Guzman. These Yaqui, as always, steadfastly resisted the
invaders, and wounded many of Guzman's men and horses. About eight or
ten leagues up the Yaqui, but on the south bank of the river, Guzman
found another large settlement of another language, called Nebame. He
could not ascend the river further because a league or two above the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/65/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.